Effect of microwave oven processing treatments on reduction of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A in maize flour
Hourieh Alkadi (1,*) , Jihad Altal (2)
(1) Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Drug Control, Faculty of Pharmacy, Arab International University, Damascus, Syria
(2) Department of Mycotoxins, Directorate of Technical Affairs and Quality Laboratory, Damascus, Syria
(*) Corresponding Author
Received: 03 Mar 2019, Accepted: 16 May 2019, Published: 30 Sep 2019
The effect of microwave heat has been evaluated for reduction of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A in artificially contaminated maize flour. Contaminated maize flour were heated in microwave for various times at two different power levels. The results suggest that Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A contamination can be reduced by heating samples using microwave oven. The exposure time to heat appears to have a great effect in reduction both of the toxins in maize flour samples. It is also necessary to pay attention on initial concentrations of Aflatoxin B1 or Ochratoxin A in studied maize flour samples.
This Abstract was viewed 39 times | PDF Article downloaded 16 times
. Stefano, V.; Pitonzo, R.; Cicero, N.; D'Oca, M. C. Food Additiv. Contamin. A 2014, 31(12), 2034-2039.
. Bullerman, L. B.; Bianchini, A. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 2007, 119, 140-146.
. Paterson, R. R.; Lima, N. Toxicology of mycotoxins. In: Luch A., Editor. Molecular, clinical and environmental toxicology. 100 Ed. Berlin, Germany, Birkhauser Verlag. 2010, pp. 31-63.
. Yazdani, D.; Zainal, A. M. A.; Tan, Y. H.; Kamaruzaman, S. African J. Biotech. 2010, 9(45), 7654-7659.
. Santini, A.; Raiola, A.; Meca, G.; Ritieni, A. J. Clin. Toxicol. 2015, 5(4), 265-276.
. Calado, T.; Venancio, A.; Abrunhosa, L. Comp. Rev. Food Sci. Food Safety 2014, 13, 1049-1061.
. Hussain, A.; Luttfullah, G. J. Chem. Soc. Pak. 2009, 31(6), 911-915.
. International Agency for Research on Cancer, Aflatoxins. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, IARC Press: Lyon, France, 2002, pp. 245.
. Leong, Y. H.; Ismail, N.; Latiff, A.; Manaf, N. A.; Rosma, A. World Mycotox. J. 2011, 4(2), 119-127.
. Marin, S.; Ramos, A. J.; Cano-Sancho, G.; Sanchis, V. Food Chem. Toxicol. 2013, 60, 218-237.
. International Agency for Research on Cancer, IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, some naturally occurring substances, food items and constituents, heterocyclic aromatic amines and mycotoxins, Lyon, International Agency for Research on Cancer. 1993, pp. 56.
. Boudra, H.; Le Bars, P.; Le Bars, J. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1995, 61(3), 1156-1158.
. Maryam, J. Iranian J. Health, Safety Environ. 2015, 3(1), 445-459.
. Mardani, M.; Rezapour, S.; Rezapour, P. Iran J. Microbiol. 2011, 3(3), 147-151.
. Altal, J.; Alkadi, H. Inter. J. Chem. Tech. Res. 2015, 8(11), 343-348.
. Peraica, M.; Domijan, A.; Jurjevic, Z.; Cvjetkovic, B. Arh. Hig. Rada. Toksikol. 2002, 53, 229-237.
. Samarajeewa, U.; Sen, A. C.; Cohen, M. D.; Wei, C. I. J. Food Protect. 1990, 53(6), 489-501.
. Pluyer, H. R.; Ahmed, E. M.; Wei, C. I. J. Food Protect. 1987, 50(6), 504-508.
. Herzallah, S.; Alshawabkeh, K.; Al-Fataftah, A. J. Appl. Poul. Res. 2008, 17, 515-521.
How to cite
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.10.3.224-227.1840
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2019 Authors
This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at http://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/pages/view/terms and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0). By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License (http://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/pages/view/terms) are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).
© Copyright 2019 • Atlanta Publishing House LLC • All Right Reserved.
The opinions expressed in all articles published in European Journal of Chemistry are those of the specific author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of Atlanta Publishing House LLC, or European Journal of Chemistry, or any of its employees.
Copyright 2019 Atlanta Publishing House LLC. All rights reserved. This site is owned and operated by Atlanta Publishing House LLC whose registered office is 4614 Lavista road, Tucker, GA, 30084, USA. Registered in USA.