European Journal of Chemistry 2020, 11(1), 50-59 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.11.1.50-59.1945 | Get rights and content






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Hydrogen bonding framework in imidazole derivatives: Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis


Praveen Singh (1) orcid , Ranjeet Kumar (2) orcid , Ashish Kumar Tewari (3,*) orcid

(1) Department of Chemistry, Centre of Advance Studies, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
(2) Department of Chemistry, Chaudhary Mahadeo Prasad Degree College, Allahabad, 211002, India
(3) Department of Chemistry, Centre of Advance Studies, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 12 Dec 2019 | Revised: 19 Jan 2020 | Accepted: 28 Jan 2020 | Published: 31 Mar 2020 | Issue Date: March 2020

Abstract


A series of imidazole derivatives (1-3) were synthesized with three component reaction among benzil, ammonium acetate and formaldehyde/aromatic aldehyde at 110 °C without a catalyst and solvent. These synthesized imidazole derivatives have shown intermolecular hydrogen bonding such as N-H···N and O-H···N. The imidazole 1 and 2 exhibited N-H···N intermolecular hydrogen bonding while imidazole 3 exhibited O-H···N intermolecular hydrogen bonding. The hydrogen bonds in imidazoles were studied by X-ray crystallography and Hirshfeld Surface Analysis at dnorm surface which show the visible red spots, indicated for hydrogen bonds. Further, Hirshfeld surface analysis also shows the percentage of all intermolecular interactions.


Keywords


Synthesis; Crystal structure; Hydrogen bonding; Imidazole derivative; Hirshfeld surface analysis; Intermolecular interactions

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.11.1.50-59.1945

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Funding information


University Grant Commission (Grant Sanction No. 37-54/2009), India; Department of Chemistry, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

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Supporting information


The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: Supplementary files

How to cite


Singh, P.; Kumar, R.; Tewari, A. Eur. J. Chem. 2020, 11(1), 50-59. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.11.1.50-59.1945
Singh, P.; Kumar, R.; Tewari, A. Hydrogen bonding framework in imidazole derivatives: Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis. Eur. J. Chem. 2020, 11(1), 50-59. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.11.1.50-59.1945
Singh, P., Kumar, R., & Tewari, A. (2020). Hydrogen bonding framework in imidazole derivatives: Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis. European Journal of Chemistry, 11(1), 50-59. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.11.1.50-59.1945
Singh, Praveen, Ranjeet Kumar, & Ashish Kumar Tewari. "Hydrogen bonding framework in imidazole derivatives: Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 11.1 (2020): 50-59. Web. 3 Dec. 2020
Singh, Praveen, Kumar, Ranjeet, AND Tewari, Ashish. "Hydrogen bonding framework in imidazole derivatives: Crystal structure and Hirshfeld surface analysis" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 11 Number 1 (31 March 2020)

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DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.11.1.50-59.1945

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