European Journal of Chemistry 2012, 3(4), 480-484. doi:https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.480-484.698

The fate of leachate of pharmaceuticals like amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine in the soil using soil columns


Shehdeh Jodeh (1,*) , Halimeh Staiti (2) , Marwan Haddad (3) , Tamara Renno (4) , Abdelnaser Zaid (5) , Nidal Jaradat (6) , Maher Kharoaf (7)

(1) Chemistry Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 11347, Palestine
(2) Water and Environmental Institute, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 11347, Palestine
(3) Water and Environmental Institute, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 11347, Palestine
(4) Pharmacy Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 11347, Palestine
(5) Pharmacy Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 11347, Palestine
(6) Pharmacy Department, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 11347, Palestine
(7) Jerusalem Pharmaceutical Company, Ramallah, 11347, Palestine
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 30 Oct 2012, Accepted: 07 Nov 2012, Published: 31 Dec 2012

Abstract


From an environmental engineering point of view, pharmaceuticals such as antibiotics are a group of man-made chemicals of concern entering the environment in concentrations at which, the health effects are unknown. The problem that may be created by the presence of antibiotics at low concentrations in the environment is the development of antibiotic resistant microorganisms. In this study, three pharmaceutical drugs manufactured in Palestine were studied in waste water and their adsorption in agriculture soil was studied using soil columns. During the study of soil columns, it was noted that the concentration of caffeine in leachate was higher than that of ibuprofen and amoxicillin, as caffeine has higher aqueous solubility. Ibuprofen and amoxicillin were present in leachate with very small concentrations, due to their degradation and decomposition into other substances that may be harmful, and affect the natural properties of soil, groundwater and human health. The decomposition percentages of the pharmaceuticals in the soil columns were 97.82, 97.88 and 86.52% for amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine for one year’s study, respectively. For the fifteen years, the decomposition percentages were 94.04, 96.60 and 93.70% for amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine, respectively.

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Keywords


Kinetics; Leachate; Adsorption; Pharmaceuticals; Chemical oxygen demand (COD); Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.480-484.698

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[1]. Ivan Hameed Rouil Tomi, Amer Hasan Abdullah, Ali Hussein Raheemah Al-Daraji, Selma Abdul Rudha Abbass
Synthesis, characterization and comparative study the antibacterial activities of some imine-amoxicillin derivatives
European Journal of Chemistry  4(2), 153, 2013
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.153-156.751
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[2]. Shehdeh Jodeh
The study of kinetics and thermodynamics of selected pharmaceuticals and personal care products on agriculture soil
European Journal of Chemistry  3(4), 468, 2012
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.468-474.706
/


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How to cite


Jodeh, S.; Staiti, H.; Haddad, M.; Renno, T.; Zaid, A.; Jaradat, N.; Kharoaf, M. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(4), 480-484. doi:https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.480-484.698
Jodeh, S.; Staiti, H.; Haddad, M.; Renno, T.; Zaid, A.; Jaradat, N.; Kharoaf, M. Eur. J. Chem. The fate of leachate of pharmaceuticals like amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine in the soil using soil columns. 2012, 3(4), 480-484. doi:https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.480-484.698
Jodeh, S., Staiti, H., Haddad, M., Renno, T., Zaid, A., Jaradat, N., & Kharoaf, M. (2012). The fate of leachate of pharmaceuticals like amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine in the soil using soil columns. European Journal of Chemistry, 3(4), 480-484. doi:https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.480-484.698
Jodeh, Shehdeh, Halimeh Staiti, Marwan Haddad, Tamara Renno, Abdelnaser Zaid, Nidal Jaradat, & Maher Kharoaf. "The fate of leachate of pharmaceuticals like amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine in the soil using soil columns." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 3.4 (2012): 480-484. Web. 18 Jun. 2018
Jodeh, Shehdeh, Staiti, Halimeh, Haddad, Marwan, Renno, Tamara, Zaid, Abdelnaser, Jaradat, Nidal, AND Kharoaf, Maher. "The fate of leachate of pharmaceuticals like amoxicillin, ibuprofen and caffeine in the soil using soil columns" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 3 Number 4 (31 December 2012)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.480-484.698

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