European Journal of Chemistry 2015, 6(2), 141-150. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.141-150.1193

Highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of vanadium in environmental, biological, food and soil samples using orthoaminophenol


Tasnima Zannat (1) , Mohammad Jamaluddin Ahmed (2,*)

(1) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 4331, Bangladesh
(2) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, 4331, Bangladesh
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 12 Nov 2014, Accepted: 14 Feb 2015, Published: 30 Jun 2015

Abstract


A simple, ultra-sensitive and highly selective non-extractive spectrophotometric method for the determination of trace amount of vanadium(V) using orthoamino phenol (OAP) has been developed. OAP reacts in highly acidic (0.005-0.015 mol/L H2SO4) and aqueous media with vanadium(V) to give a chocolate color chelate which has an absorption maximum at 405 nm. The reaction was instantaneous and absorbance remains stable for over 72 h. The average molar absorption co-efficient and Sandell’s sensitivity were found to be 6.7×105 L/mol.cm and 10 ng/cm2 of vanadium(V), respectively. Linear calibration graphs were obtained for 0.02-50.00 mg/L having detection limit 1 µg/L and quantification limit of the reaction were found to be 10 µg/L and RSD 0-2%. The stoichiometric composition of the chelate is 1:3 (Vanadium(V):OAP, v:v). Large excess of over 60 cations, anions and complexing agents (Like tartrate, EDTA, oxalate, chloride, phosphate, thiourea, SCN- etc.) do not interfere in the vanadium determination. The method was successfully used in the determination of vanadium in several standard reference materials (Alloys and steels) as well as in some environmental waters(Potable and polluted), biological samples (Human blood and urine), food samples, soil samples, solution containing both vanadium(IV) and vanadium(V) and complex synthetic mixtures. The results of the proposed method for biological analyses were found to be in excellent agreement with those obtained by AAS. The method has high precision and accuracy (s = ±0.01 for 0.5 µg/mL).


Keywords


Steel; Alloy; Orthoaminophenol; Vanadium determination; Biological and soil samples; Environmental and food samples

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.141-150.1193

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[1]. Elaheh Nourbala Tafti, Shayesteh Dadfarnia, Ali Mohammad Haji Shabani, Zahra Dehghani Firouzabadi
Determination of vanadium species in water, vegetables, and fruit samples using supramolecular solvent microextraction combined with electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry
Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society  15(8), 1899, 2018
DOI: 10.1007/s13738-018-1387-y
/


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How to cite


Zannat, T.; Ahmed, M. Eur. J. Chem. 2015, 6(2), 141-150. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.141-150.1193
Zannat, T.; Ahmed, M. Highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of vanadium in environmental, biological, food and soil samples using orthoaminophenol. Eur. J. Chem. 2015, 6(2), 141-150. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.141-150.1193
Zannat, T., & Ahmed, M. (2015). Highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of vanadium in environmental, biological, food and soil samples using orthoaminophenol. European Journal of Chemistry, 6(2), 141-150. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.141-150.1193
Zannat, Tasnima, & Mohammad Jamaluddin Ahmed. "Highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of vanadium in environmental, biological, food and soil samples using orthoaminophenol." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 6.2 (2015): 141-150. Web. 22 Nov. 2019
Zannat, Tasnima, AND Ahmed, Mohammad. "Highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of vanadium in environmental, biological, food and soil samples using orthoaminophenol" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 6 Number 2 (30 June 2015)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.141-150.1193

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