European Journal of Chemistry 2015, 6(3), 287-295 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.6.3.287-295.1258 | Get rights and content






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Chemical modification/grafting of mesoporous alumina with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)


Ana Filipa de Melo Pinheiro (1) , Arian Nijmeijer (2) , Venkata Giri Prasad Sripathi (3) , Louis Winnubst (4,*)

(1) Inorganic Membranes, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede, The Netherlands
(2) Inorganic Membranes, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede, The Netherlands
(3) Inorganic Membranes, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede, The Netherlands
(4) Inorganic Membranes, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500AE Enschede, The Netherlands
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 22 Feb 2015 | Revised: 06 Apr 2015 | Accepted: 11 Apr 2015 | Published: 30 Sep 2015 | Issue Date: September 2015

Abstract


A method for polydimethylsiloxane grafting of alumina powders is described which involves chemical modification of the surface of mesoporous (5 nm) γ-alumina flakes with a linker (3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane: APTES), either by a solution phase (SPD) or a vapour phase (VPD) reaction, followed by PDMS grafting. The systems were analysed by FTIR, gas adsorption/desorption and TGA. Grafting is proven by FTIR for all cases, meaning that a covalent bond exists between inorganic particle and organic moiety. It is demonstrated that the way of applying APTES (by SPD or VPD) has an effect on the morphology of linker as well as of PDMS. A more controlled grafting of the APTES linker on γ-alumina is possible by the VPD method, resulting in efficient grafting and good infiltration of PDMS in the pores of the inorganic system. Stability tests on these PDMS grafted alumina show no degradation after 14 days soaking in a wide range of solvents. Surface modification of metal oxide particles by organic moieties via a chemical reaction can adapt its interfacial properties and renders a high chemical stability of these inorganic-organic hybrids. This validates the use of these materials under severe applications like in membranes for solvent nanofiltration or for protein immobilization and resin modification in e.g. chromatographic applications.


Keywords


Alumina; IR spectroscopy; Materials science; Surface chemistry; Surface modification; Mesoporous materials

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.6.3.287-295.1258

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Funding information


Institute for Sustainable Process Technology (ISPT), Project number: BC-00-05, The Netherlands

Citations

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[1]. Renaud B. Merlet, Cheryl R. Tanardi, Ivo F.J. Vankelecom, Arian Nijmeijer, Louis Winnubst
Interpreting rejection in SRNF across grafted ceramic membranes through the Spiegler-Kedem model
Journal of Membrane Science  525, 359, 2017
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2016.12.013
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[2]. Renaud B. Merlet, Marie-Alix Pizzoccaro-Zilamy, Arian Nijmeijer, Louis Winnubst
Hybrid ceramic membranes for organic solvent nanofiltration: State-of-the-art and challenges
Journal of Membrane Science  , 117839, 2020
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2020.117839
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[3]. Jianqiang Gu, Chunlei Ren, Xu Zong, Chusheng Chen, Louis Winnubst
Preparation of alumina membranes comprising a thin separation layer and a support with straight open pores for water desalination
Ceramics International  42(10), 12427, 2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.04.183
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[4]. Cheryl R. Tanardi, Arian Nijmeijer, Louis Winnubst
Coupled-PDMS grafted mesoporous γ-alumina membranes for solvent nanofiltration
Separation and Purification Technology  169, 223, 2016
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2016.05.057
/


[5]. Mohammad Amirilargani, Renaud B. Merlet, Arian Nijmeijer, Louis Winnubst, Louis C.P.M. de Smet, Ernst J.R. Sudhölter
Poly (maleic anhydride-alt-1-alkenes) directly grafted to γ-alumina for high-performance organic solvent nanofiltration membranes
Journal of Membrane Science  564, 259, 2018
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2018.07.042
/


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How to cite


Pinheiro, A.; Nijmeijer, A.; Sripathi, V.; Winnubst, L. Eur. J. Chem. 2015, 6(3), 287-295. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.3.287-295.1258
Pinheiro, A.; Nijmeijer, A.; Sripathi, V.; Winnubst, L. Chemical modification/grafting of mesoporous alumina with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Eur. J. Chem. 2015, 6(3), 287-295. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.3.287-295.1258
Pinheiro, A., Nijmeijer, A., Sripathi, V., & Winnubst, L. (2015). Chemical modification/grafting of mesoporous alumina with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). European Journal of Chemistry, 6(3), 287-295. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.3.287-295.1258
Pinheiro, Ana, Arian Nijmeijer, Venkata Giri Prasad Sripathi, & Louis Winnubst. "Chemical modification/grafting of mesoporous alumina with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 6.3 (2015): 287-295. Web. 21 Jan. 2020
Pinheiro, Ana, Nijmeijer, Arian, Sripathi, Venkata, AND Winnubst, Louis. "Chemical modification/grafting of mesoporous alumina with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 6 Number 3 (30 September 2015)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.6.3.287-295.1258

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