European Journal of Chemistry 2016, 7(1), 91-96. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.1.91-96.1353

Preparation and characterization of surface active N-butyrated low molecular weight chitosan


Khaldoun Abed Al-Sou’od (1,*) , Mohammad Mustafa Saadelnour (2) , Mayyas Mohammad Al-Remawi (3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Al Al-Bayt University, Mafraq, 25113, Jordan
(2) Department of Chemistry, Al Al-Bayt University, Mafraq, 25113, Jordan
(3) College of Pharmacy, Taif University, Taif, 21974, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 29 Oct 2015, Accepted: 29 Nov 2015, Published: 31 Mar 2016

Abstract


New classes of natural surfactants have been prepared through the reaction of low molecular weight chitosans (1.3, 6, 10, 18 and 30 kDa) with butyric anhydride in aqueous medium. The new compounds were characterized by 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. Their surface tension and particle size were also determined. The degree of substitutions was in the range of 44-57% as confirmed by 1H NMR spectra. These compounds possess low aggregate size 12-18 nm with higher surface activity on comparison with native chitosan. The prepared compounds are found to be soluble in all pH media in contrast to native chitosan. This may be due to the breaking up of chitosans inter-strand hydrogen bonding upon substitutes.


Keywords


Surface; Tension; Chitosan; Surfactant; Particle size; 1H NMR spectroscopy

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.7.1.91-96.1353

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How to cite


Al-Sou’od, K.; Saadelnour, M.; Al-Remawi, M. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(1), 91-96. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.1.91-96.1353
Al-Sou’od, K.; Saadelnour, M.; Al-Remawi, M. Preparation and characterization of surface active N-butyrated low molecular weight chitosan. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(1), 91-96. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.1.91-96.1353
Al-Sou’od, K., Saadelnour, M., & Al-Remawi, M. (2016). Preparation and characterization of surface active N-butyrated low molecular weight chitosan. European Journal of Chemistry, 7(1), 91-96. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.1.91-96.1353
Al-Sou’od, Khaldoun, Mohammad Mustafa Saadelnour, & Mayyas Mohammad Al-Remawi. "Preparation and characterization of surface active N-butyrated low molecular weight chitosan." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 7.1 (2016): 91-96. Web. 16 Sep. 2019
Al-Sou’od, Khaldoun, Saadelnour, Mohammad, AND Al-Remawi, Mayyas. "Preparation and characterization of surface active N-butyrated low molecular weight chitosan" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 7 Number 1 (31 March 2016)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.7.1.91-96.1353

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