European Journal of Chemistry

Synthesis and studies on chromene based reactive azo dyes and their applications on different fabrics

Main Article Content

Mohamed Gomaa Badrey
Sobhi Mohamed Gomha
Hamada Moustafa Mashaly


A number of reactive azo dyes based on chromene moiety were prepared through two inversed routes using 2-amino-7-hydroxy-4-phenyl-4H-chromene-3-carbonitrile, which when coupled to different diazonium salts, yielded the corresponding dyes which were then further reacted with cyanuric chloride. The structures of the prepared dyes were elucidated from their spectral data, elemental analyses and colour measurements. Dyeing of cellulosic and nylon fibers using the prepared dyes was done under suitable conditions. Some properties of the prepared dyes such as fastness properties (washing, rubbing and perspiration) and colour measurements were investigated. The dyes showed very good fastness to washing properties when attached to nylon fibers but poor fastness to light properties were shown.

icon graph This Abstract was viewed 1720 times | icon graph Article PDF downloaded 716 times

How to Cite
Badrey, M. G.; Gomha, S. M.; Mashaly, H. M. Synthesis and Studies on Chromene Based Reactive Azo Dyes and Their Applications on Different Fabrics. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7, 146-151.

Article Details

Crossref - Scopus - Google - European PMC

[1]. Towns, A. D. Dyes Pigments 1999, 42, 3-28.

[2]. Gupta, S.; Sivasubramanian, A.; Rodrigues, L. M.; Esteves, A. P.; Hrdina, R.; Oliveira-Compos, A. M. F. Dyes Pigments 2007, 75, 82-87.

[3]. Tsai, P. C.; Wang, I. J. Dyes Pigments 2007, 74, 578-584.

[4]. Maradiya, H. R.; Patel, V. S. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 2001, 12, 710-714.

[5]. Razus, A. C.; Birzan, L.; Surugiu, N. M. Dyes Pigments 2007, 74, 26-33.

[6]. Singh, K.; Singh, S.; Taylor, J. A. Dyes Pigments 2002, 54, 189-200.

[7]. Naik, S. J.; Halkar, U. P. Arkivoc 2005, 13, 141-149.

[8]. Christie, R. M.; Chih-Hung, L. Dyes Pigments 1999, 42, 85-93.

[9]. Nishizono, N.; Oda, K.; Ohno, K.; Minami, M.; Machida, M. Heterocycles 2001, 55, 1897-1906.

[10]. Umemoto, H.; Kitao, T.; Konishi, K. Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi 1970, 73, 1146-1151.

[11]. Zhang, Y. Y.; Meng, X. M.; Wang, X. L.; Xu, L. H. Dyes Pigments 2003, 56, 189-194.

[12]. Urano, T.; Nagasaka, H.; Tsuchiyama, M.; Shimizu, S.; Kawazoe, K.; Shimizu, M.; Yamaoka, T. Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 1995, 68, 1661-1668.

[13]. Griffiths, J.; Millar V.; Bahra, G. S. Dyes Pigments 1995, 28, 327-339.

[14]. Zollinger, H. Color Chemistry, 2nd ed. Weinheim, VCH-Wiley, 1991.

[15]. Shah, K. M. H. Book of Synthetic Dyes and Pigments, Vol. 1, 1st ed. Mumbai, Multi-Tech Publishing Co, 1994.

[16]. Siegel, E. The Chemistry of Synthetic Dyes, Vol. 1, New York, Academic Press, 1972.

[17]. Miles, L. W. C. Textile printing. 2nd ed. Bradford, Society of Dyers and Colorist, 1994.

[18]. Kanik, M.; Hauser, P. J. Color. Technol. 2002, 118, 300-306.

[19]. Raymound, E. K.; Dunald, F. Encyclopaedia of chemical technology, New York, Wiley, 1984.

[20]. Elagami, A. A.; Sewilam, S. Z.; El-Taweel, F. M. A.; Elnagdi, M. H. Collect. Czech. Chem. Commun. 1988, 53, 1534-1538.

[21]. Saeed, B.; Sorour, R.; Morteza, B.; Jürgen, H. G. Syn. Commun. 2008, 38, 1078-1089.

[22]. Abdolhamid, B.; Ali, R. P.; Nazifi, S. M. R. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2013, 27(3), 439-445.

[23]. Mohsen, N.; Soroush, Z.; Sattar, S. Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2012, 26(1), 115-120.

[24]. Sohair, L. El.; Mohammed, M. H.; Doaa, E. A.; Lina, M. A. A. Bioorg. Chem. 2014, 53, 50-66.

[25]. Anon Methods of test for color fastness of textiles and leather. 5th ed. Bradford: Society of Dyers and Colorists, 1990.

[26]. Hossam, E. E.; Salwa, M.; Hamada, M. M.; Mohamed, R. Carbohyd. Polym. 2014, 110, 148-155.

[27]. Tarek, A.; Mervat, E.; Hamada, M. M.; Morsy, A. E.; Oldrich, M.; Radim, H. Color. Technol. 2015, 131, 333-341.

[28]. Mounir, A. I. S.; Magda, I. M.; Hamada, M. M. Color. Technol. 2015, 131, 288-297.

[29]. El‐Apasery, M. A.; Al‐Qalaf, F.; Almohammad, K.; Mahmoud, H. Eur. J. Chem. 2013, 4(3), 211‐215.

[30]. Alya, A.; Morsy, A. E.; Huda, M.; Nouria, A. Eur. J. Chem. 2014, 5(2), 321‐327.

[31]. ISO 105-C02:1989 Textiles: Tests for colour fastness. Part C02: Colour fastness to washing: Test 2 (Basel: ISO, 1989).

[32]. ISO 105-X12:1987 Textiles: Tests for colour fastness. Part X12: Colour fastness to rubbing (Basel: ISO, 1987).

[33]. ISO 105-E04:1989 Textiles: Tests for colour fastness. Part E04: Colour fastness to perspiration (Basel: ISO, 1989).

[34]. ISO 105-B02:1988 Textiles: Tests for colour fastness. Part B02: Colour fastness to artificial light: Xenon arc fading lamp test (Basel: ISO, 1988).

Supporting Agencies

Dyeing and Printing Department, Textile Division, National Research Center, Giza, 12622, Egypt
Most read articles by the same author(s)

Dimensions - Altmetric - scite_ - PlumX

Downloads and views


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...
License Terms

License Terms


Copyright © 2024 by Authors. This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License ( By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution, or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License ( are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).