European Journal of Chemistry 2016, 7(2), 139-145 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395 | Get rights and content

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Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films


Sebastian Dixon (1) , Nuruzzaman Noor (2) , Sanjayan Sathasivam (3) , Yao Lu (4) , Ivan Parkin (5,*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, University College London, London, WC1H 0AJ, United Kingdom
(2) Department of Chemistry, University College London, London, WC1H 0AJ, United Kingdom
(3) Department of Chemistry, University College London, London, WC1H 0AJ, United Kingdom
(4) Department of Chemistry, University College London, London, WC1H 0AJ, United Kingdom
(5) Department of Chemistry, University College London, London, WC1H 0AJ, United Kingdom
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 15 Jan 2016 | Accepted: 06 Feb 2016 | Published: 30 Jun 2016 | Issue Date: June 2016

Abstract


A method is presented to enable the preparation of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide (WO3) nanocomposite coatings on glass substrates. WO3 nanoparticles were incorporated via the swell-encapsulation-shrink method into superhydrophobic silicone polymer films deposited on glass via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) to produce the novel nanocomposite films. The technique overcomes the limitations of previous methods for nanoparticle incorporation to provide a synthetic route to previously unattainable materials. The nanocomposite films retain the properties of the superhydrophobic polymer while the presence of the nanoparticles is clearly evident. As such, the films have a range of potential applications including high surface area photocatalysis and self-cleaning photochromic or electrochromic coatings. The two-stage synthesis is shown to be flexible and suggests great scope for producing any number of future novel materials. The thin films were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and water droplet contact angle measurements.


Keywords


Tungsten; Thin films; Nanoparticles; Materials science; Hydrophobic effect; Chemical vapor deposition

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395

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How to cite


Dixon, S.; Noor, N.; Sathasivam, S.; Lu, Y.; Parkin, I. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(2), 139-145. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395
Dixon, S.; Noor, N.; Sathasivam, S.; Lu, Y.; Parkin, I. Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(2), 139-145. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395
Dixon, S., Noor, N., Sathasivam, S., Lu, Y., & Parkin, I. (2016). Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films. European Journal of Chemistry, 7(2), 139-145. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.139-145.1395
Dixon, Sebastian, Nuruzzaman Noor, Sanjayan Sathasivam, Yao Lu, & Ivan Parkin. "Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 7.2 (2016): 139-145. Web. 16 Jun. 2021
Dixon, Sebastian, Noor, Nuruzzaman, Sathasivam, Sanjayan, Lu, Yao, AND Parkin, Ivan. "Synthesis of superhydrophobic polymer/tungsten (VI) oxide nanocomposite thin films" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 7 Number 2 (30 June 2016)

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