European Journal of Chemistry 2016, 7(2), 243-247. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.243-247.1411

Best available techniques in the fertilizer production industry: A Review


Ahmet Ozan Gezerman (1,*) , Burcu Didem Çorbacıoğlu (2)

(1) Chemical Engineering Department, Yildiz Technical University, 34220, Istanbul, Turkey
(2) Chemical Engineering Department, Yildiz Technical University, 34220, Istanbul, Turkey
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 11 Feb 2016, Accepted: 21 Mar 2016, Published: 30 Jun 2016

Abstract


Treatment and disposal of emission gases used for fertilizer production are among the most pressing issues in the modern fertilizer industries. Associations such as the European Manufacturer Association are developing new techniques, i.e., best available techniques, to resolve such problems. Best available techniques have been developed by the European Manufacturer Association to standardize the solutions to common problems encountered in the fertilizer industry, such as optimization of pH, pressure, temperature, nitrogen content, and fertilizer particle size. The best available techniques aim at minimizing greenhouse gas emissions in the fertilizer industry as well as wastewater treatment and waste management. The high operation and investment costs in the fertilizer industry have prompted manufacturers to consider the application of the best available techniques.


Keywords


Urea; Fertilizer; Ammonia; Nitric acid; Ammonium nitrate; Best available techniques

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.243-247.1411

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How to cite


Gezerman, A.; Çorbacıoğlu, B. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(2), 243-247. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.243-247.1411
Gezerman, A.; Çorbacıoğlu, B. Best available techniques in the fertilizer production industry: A Review. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(2), 243-247. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.243-247.1411
Gezerman, A., & Çorbacıoğlu, B. (2016). Best available techniques in the fertilizer production industry: A Review. European Journal of Chemistry, 7(2), 243-247. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.243-247.1411
Gezerman, Ahmet, & Burcu Didem Çorbacıoğlu. "Best available techniques in the fertilizer production industry: A Review." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 7.2 (2016): 243-247. Web. 22 Sep. 2019
Gezerman, Ahmet, AND Çorbacıoğlu, Burcu. "Best available techniques in the fertilizer production industry: A Review" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 7 Number 2 (30 June 2016)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.7.2.243-247.1411

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