European Journal of Chemistry

Flame atomic absorption determination of ultra-trace zinc in environmental samples after pre-concentration by solid phase extraction

Main Article Content

Mahmood Payehghadr


A simple, reliable and rapid method for pre-concentration and determination of ultra-trace zinc using octadecyl silica membrane disk modified by a new Schiff base ligand, and flame atomic absorption spectrometry is presented. Various parameters including, pH of aqueous solution, flow rates, the amount of ligand and type of stripping solvents were optimized. The breakthrough volume is greater than 1000 mL with an enrichment factor of more than 200 and 120 ng/Ldetection limit. The capacity of the membrane disks modified by 8 mg of the ligand was found to be 260 µg of zinc. The effects of various cationic interferences on percent recovery of zinc ion were studied. The method was successfully applied for the determination of zinc ion in different samples, especially determination of ultra-trace amount of zinc in waters and plants.

icon graph This Abstract was viewed 1262 times | icon graph Article PDF downloaded 583 times

How to Cite
Payehghadr, M. Flame Atomic Absorption Determination of Ultra-Trace Zinc in Environmental Samples After Pre-Concentration by Solid Phase Extraction. Eur. J. Chem. 2017, 8, 305-309.

Article Details

Crossref - Scopus - Google - European PMC

[1]. Vallee, B. L.; Falchuk, K. H. Physiol. Rev. 1993, 73, 79-118.

[2]. Mellah, A.; Benachour, D. Chem. Eng. Process. 2006, 45, 684-690.

[3]. Morizono, H.; Oshima T.; Baba, Y. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2011, 80, 390-395.

[4]. Rodrigues, G. D.; Hespanhol da Silva, M. D. C.; Mendes da Silva, L. H.; Paggioli, F. J.; Minim, L. A.; Reis Coimbra, J. S. D. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2008, 62, 687-693.

[5]. Mahandra, H.; Singh, R.; Gupta, B. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2017, 177, 281-292.

[6]. Leinonen, H.; Lehto, J.; Mäkelä, A. React. Polym. 1994, 23, 221-228.

[7]. Quintanilha, C. L.; Afonso, J. C.; Vianna, C. A.; Gante, V.; Mantovano, J. L. J. Power Sources 2014, 248, 596-603.

[8]. Sayilgan, E.; Kukrer, T.; Yigit, N. O.; Civelekoglu, G.; Kitis, M. J. Hazard. Mater. 2010, 173, 137-143.

[9]. Sajid, M. Anal. Chim. Acta 2017, 965, 36-53.

[10]. Mendil, D.; Karatas, M.; Tuzen, M. Food Chem. 2015, 177, 320-324.

[11]. Takano, S.; Tanimizu, M.; Hirata, T.; Shin, K. C.; Fukami, Y.; Suzuki, K.; Sohrin, Y. Anal. Chim. Acta 2017, 967, 1-11.

[12]. Cheng, C. Y.; Barnard, K. R.; Zhang, W.; Zhu, Z.; Pranolo, Y. Chin. J. Chem. Eng. 2016, 24, 237-248.

[13]. Tuzen, M.; Sahiner, S.; Hazer, B. Food Chem. 2016, 210, 115-120.

[14]. Molaei, K.; Bagheri, H.; Asgharinezhad, A. A.; Ebrahimzadeh, H.; Shamsipur, M. Talanta 2017, 167, 607-616.

[15]. Ribas, T. C. F.; Tóth, I. V.; Rangel, A. O. S. S. Microchem. J. 2017, 130, 366-370.

[16]. Krawczyk, M.; Jeszka-Skowron, M.; Matusiewicz, H. Microchem. J. 2014, 117, 138-143.

[17]. Behbahani, M.; Salarian, M.; Bagheri, A.; Tabani, H.; Omidi, F.; Fakhari, A. J. Food Compos. Anal. 2014, 34, 81-89.

[18]. Shakerian, F.; Dadfarnia, S.; Haji Shabani, A. A. Food Chem. 2012, 134, 488-493.

[19]. Yamini, Y.; Alizadeh, N.; Shamsipur, M. Anal. Chim. Acta 1997, 355, 69-74.

[20]. Rofouei, M. K.; Payehghadr, M.; Shamsipur, M.; Ahmadalinezhad, A. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009, 168, 1184-1187.

[21]. Diaz-de Alba, M.; Galindo-Riano, M. D.; Garcia-Vargas, M. Talanta 2012, 100, 432-438.

[22]. Pohl, P.; Prusisz, B. Talanta 2007, 71, 715-721.

[23]. Pohl, P. Trends Anal. Chem. 2006, 25, 31-43.

[24]. Pohl, P.; Szymczycha-Madeja, A.; Stelmach, E.; Welna, M. Talanta 2016, 160, 314-324.

[25]. Pohl, P.; Prusisz, B. Food Chem. 2007, 102, 1415-1424.

[26]. Stelmach, E.; Pohl, P.; Szymczycha-Madeja, A. Food Chem. 2013, 141, 1956-1961.

[27]. Pohl, P.; Prusisz, B. Talanta 2007, 71, 1616-1623.

[28]. Pohl, P.; Prusisz, B. J. Food Compos. Anal. 2010, 23, 86-94.

[29]. Pohl, P.; Prusisz, B. Anal. Chim. Acta 2004, 502, 83-90.

[30]. Pohl, P.; Prusisz, B. Talanta 2006, 69, 1227-1233.

[31]. Poole, F.; Poole, S. K.; Seibert, D. S.; Champman, C. M. J. Chromatogr. B 1997, 689, 245-259.

[32]. Shamsipur, M.; Mashhadizadeh, M. H. Fresenius, J. Anal. Chem. 2000, 367, 246-249.

[33]. Ingle, J. D.; Crouch, S. R.; Spectrochemical Analysis, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988.

Supporting Agencies

Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-4697, Tehran, Iran
Most read articles by the same author(s)

Dimensions - Altmetric - scite_ - PlumX

Downloads and views


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...
License Terms

License Terms


Copyright © 2024 by Authors. This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License ( By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution, or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License ( are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).