European Journal of Chemistry

Adsorptive batch and column studies of Congo Red onto gulmohar leaf powder

Crossmark


Main Article Content

Himanshu Patel

Abstract

The present manuscript describes the adsorptive batch and column treatment of synthetic Congo Red dye onto naturally prepared adsorbents viz. gulmohar leaf powder and activated gulmohar leaf powder using sulfuric acid. The surface characterizations of naturally prepared adsorbents were performed by various sophisticated analytical techniques. Effect of various process parameters like adsorbent dosage, temperature, initial concentration, and pH for batch study; and flow rate and bed height for column study are explored. All batch adsorption data are analyzed using Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. The Thomas, Yoon-Nelson, Adams and Bohart, and Bed Depth Service Time model are applied to predict the breakthrough curves and to determine the characteristic parameters of the column useful for process design. Activated gulmohar leaf powder is more feasible adsorbent compared to normal gulmohar leaf powder. Maximum adsorption capacity related to Adams and Bohart model; and Langmuir isotherm was found to be 919.4 mg/L; and 434.7 mg/g, respectively, for activated gulmohar leaf powder.


icon graph This Abstract was viewed 1562 times | icon graph Article PDF downloaded 666 times

How to Cite
(1)
Patel, H. Adsorptive Batch and Column Studies of Congo Red onto Gulmohar Leaf Powder. Eur. J. Chem. 2018, 9, 107-114.

Article Details

Share
Crossref - Scopus - Google - European PMC
References

[1]. Gupta, V. K.; Srivastava, S. K.; Mohan, D. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1997, 36, 2207-2218.
https://doi.org/10.1021/ie960442c

[2]. Patel, H.; Vashi, R. T. E-J. Chem. 2010, 7, 975-984.

[3]. Liang, H.; Gao, H.; Kong, Q.; Chen, Z. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2007, 52, 695-698.
https://doi.org/10.1021/je060239g

[4]. El Qada, E. N.; Allen, S. J.; Walker, G. M. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2006, 45, 6044-6049.
https://doi.org/10.1021/ie060289e

[5]. Nagda, G. K.; Ghole, V. S. Int. J. Environ. Res. 2008, 2, 385-390.

[6]. Cengiz, S.; Cavas, L. Mar. Biotechnol. 2010, 12, 728-736.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10126-010-9260-8

[7]. Mugugan, T.; Ganapathi, A.; Valliappan, R. E-J. Chem. 2010, 7, 669-676.

[8]. Mittal, A.; Mittal, J.; Malviya, A.; Kaur, D.; Gupta V. K. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2009, 337, 345-354.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2009.05.016

[9]. Mittal, A.; Kaur, D.; Malviya, A.; Mittal, J.; Gupta V. K. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2010, 342, 518-527.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2009.10.046

[10]. Gupta, V. K.; Ali, I., Saleh, T. A., Nayak, A., Agarwal, S. RSC Advances 2012, 2, 6380-6388.
https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ra20340e

[11]. Saha, P.; Chowdhury S.; Gupta S.; Kumar, I.; Kumar, R. Clean-Soil Air Water 2010, 38, 437-445.
https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.200900234

[12]. Bhattacharyya, K. G.; Gupta, S. S. Chem. Eng. J. 2008, 136, 1-13.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.03.005

[13]. Rozic, L.; Novakovic, T.; Petrovic, S.; Vukovic Z.; Cupic, Z. Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q. 2008, 14, 227-229.
https://doi.org/10.2298/CICEQ0804227R

[14]. Patil, A. K.; Shrivastava, V. S. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res. 2010, 2, 404-413.

[15]. Ponnusami, V.; Aravindhan, R.; Karthik Raj, N.; Ramadoss, G.; Srivastava, S. N. J. Environ. Prot. Sci. 2009, 3, 1-10.

[16]. Mittal, J.; Malviya, A.; Gupta, V. K. J. Colloid. Interface. Sci. 2009, 340, 16-26.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2009.08.019

[17]. Banat, I. M.; Nigam, P.; Singh, D.; Marchant, R. Bioresour. Technol. 1996, 58, 217-227.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(96)00113-7

[18]. Reid, T. M., Morton, K. C., Wang, C. Y., King C. M., Mutat Res. 1983, 117, 105-112
https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-1218(83)90157-X

[19]. Prahas, D.; Kartika, Y.; Indraswami, N.; Ismadji, S. J. Environ. Prot. Sci. 2008, 2, 1-10.
https://doi.org/10.1002/pro.5560020101

[20]. Patel, H., Vashi, R. T., Can. J. Chem. Eng. 2012, 90, 180-185.
https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.20518

[21]. Priya, P. G.; Basha C. A.; Ramamurthi, V. Clean Soil, Air, Water 2011, 39, 88–94.
https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.200900178

[22]. Maiti, A.; DasGupta, S.; Basu, J. K.; De, S. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2008, 47, 1620-1629.
https://doi.org/10.1021/ie070908z

[23]. Amran, M. B.; Zulfikar, M. A. Int. J. Environ. Studies 2010, 67, 911-921.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00207233.2010.528256

[24]. Sankar, M.; Sekaran, G.; Sadulla, S.; Ramasami, T. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 1999, 74, 337-344.
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199904)74:4<337::AID-JCTB39>3.0.CO;2-U

[25]. Gong, R.; Ding, Y.; Li, M.; Yang, C.; Liu, H.; Sun, Y. Dyes. Pigm. 2005, 64, 187-192.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dyepig.2004.05.005

[26]. Liu, Y.; Wang, W.; Wang, A. Clean Soil Air Water 2010, 38, 670-677.

[27]. Ahmad, R.; Mondal, P. K. Sep. Sci. Technol. 2009, 44, 1638-1655.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01496390902775836

[28]. Patel, H.; Vashi, R. T. Feasibility of Naturally Prepared Adsorbent, Elsevier BV, 2015
https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802326-6.00003-4

[29]. Saha, P.; Datta S.; Sanyal, S. J. Environ. Eng. 2010, 136, 1409–1417.
https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000289

[30]. Patil, S.; Deshmukh, V.; Renukdas, S.; Patel, N. Int. J. Environ. Sci. 2011, 1, 404-413.

[31]. Saha, P.; Datta, S. Desalin. Water Treat. 2009, 12, 219-228.
https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2009.967

[32]. Salih, S. J.; Rashid, B. Z. Int. J. Pharm. Chem. 2015, 5, 207-217.

[33]. Bello, O. S.; Auta, M.; Ayodele O. B. Chem. Ecol. 2013, 29, 58-71
https://doi.org/10.1080/02757540.2012.686606

[34]. Tian, X.; Li, C.; Yang, H.; Ye, Z.; Hu, H. Desalin. Water Treat. 2011, 27, 319-326
https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2011.2152

[35]. Mumi, M. A.; Khan, M. M. R.; Akhter, K. F.; Uddin, M. J. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. 2007, 4, 525-532.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03325990

[36]. Chatterjee, S.; Lee, D. S.; Lee, M. W.; Woo, S. H. Bioresour. Technol. 2009, 100, 3862-3868.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2009.03.023

[37]. Safaric, I.; Nymburska K.; Safarickova, M. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 1997, 69, 1-4.
https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199705)69:1<1::AID-JCTB653>3.0.CO;2-H

[38]. Paska, O.; Lanos, R.; Pacurariu C.; Bradeanu A. Wat. Sci. Technol. 2014, 69. 6, 1234-1240.
https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2013.827

[39]. Zulfikar, M. A.; Setiyanto, H. Adsorption 2013, 5, 1532-1540.

[40]. Sekhula, M. M.; Okonkwo, J. O.; Zvinowanda, C. M.; Agyei, N. N.; Chaudhary, A. J. J. Chem. Eng. Process Technol. 2012, 3, 1-5.
https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7048.1000131

[41]. Pahari, P. K.; Sharma, M. M. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 1991, 30, 1880-1886.
https://doi.org/10.1021/ie00056a030

[42]. Foroughi-Dahr, M.; Esmaieli, M.; Abolghasemi, H.; Shojamoradi, A.; Pouya, E. S. Desalin. Water Treat. 2015, 57, 8437-8446.
https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1021849

[43]. Khan, T. A.; Sharma, S.; Khan, E. A., Mukhlif, A. A. Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 2014, 96, 555-568.
https://doi.org/10.1080/02772248.2014.959017

[44]. Han, R.; Ding, D.; Xu, Y.; Zou, W.; Wang, Y.; Li, Y.; Zou, L. Bioresour. Technol. 2008, 99, 2938-2946
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.06.027

[45]. El-Messaoudi, N.; El Khomri, M.; Dbik, A.; Bentahar, S.; Lacherai, A.; Bakiz, B. J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 2016, 4, 3848-3855.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2016.08.027

Supporting Agencies

Most read articles by the same author(s)
TrendMD

Dimensions - Altmetric - scite_ - PlumX

Downloads and views

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
License Terms

License Terms

by-nc

Copyright © 2024 by Authors. This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/terms and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0). By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution, or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License (https://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/terms) are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).