European Journal of Chemistry 2019, 10(4), 336-344 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.10.4.336-344.1852 | Get rights and content

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Indirect detection of 5-hydroxytryptamine and tyramine by using tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium-graphene modified electrode coupled with capillary electrophoresis


Zi Wei Zhao (1) orcid , Fan Lin Li (2) orcid , Ming Su (3,*) orcid

(1) Key Laboratory of Analytical Science and Technology of Hebei Province, College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding, 071002, P. R. China
(2) Key Laboratory of Analytical Science and Technology of Hebei Province, College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding, 071002, P. R. China
(3) Key Laboratory of Analytical Science and Technology of Hebei Province, College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding, 071002, P. R. China
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 22 Mar 2019 | Revised: 15 May 2019 | Accepted: 01 Sep 2019 | Published: 31 Dec 2019 | Issue Date: December 2019

Abstract


A highly sensitive and stable solid-state electrochemiluminescence (ECL) sensor was developed based on tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) (Ru(bpy)32+) integrating with 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) functionalized graphene. Ru(bpy)32+ is incorporated with the ABTS functionalized graphene based on not only the π-π stacking but also electrostatic interactions. Coupled with capillary electrophoresis (CE), this ECL sensor was used to detect tyramine and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) based on their quenching effects for the Ru(bpy)32+/tripropylamine (TPA) system. The quenching mechanism was illustrated and the conditions for CE separation and ECL detection were optimized. Based on an S/N = 3, the limit of detection (LOD) for tyramine and 5-HT were 0.1 μM and 0.02 μM, respectively. The applicability of the proposed method was further illustrated in the determination of tyramine and 5-HT in human plasma samples from small intestine carcinoid patients.


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European Journal of Chemistry

Keywords


Graphene; Tyramine; 5-Hydroxytryptamine; Electrochemical sensor; Capillary electrophoresis; Electrochemiluminescence

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.10.4.336-344.1852

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Funding information


The project is supported by Natural Science Foundation of Hebei province (B2015201193). Science and Technology Research Project of Hebei Higher Education (QN2016087), Science and Technology Research Program of Baoding City (16ZF190).

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Supporting information


The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: Supplementary files

How to cite


Zhao, Z.; Li, F.; Su, M. Eur. J. Chem. 2019, 10(4), 336-344. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.4.336-344.1852
Zhao, Z.; Li, F.; Su, M. Indirect detection of 5-hydroxytryptamine and tyramine by using tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium-graphene modified electrode coupled with capillary electrophoresis. Eur. J. Chem. 2019, 10(4), 336-344. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.4.336-344.1852
Zhao, Z., Li, F., & Su, M. (2019). Indirect detection of 5-hydroxytryptamine and tyramine by using tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium-graphene modified electrode coupled with capillary electrophoresis. European Journal of Chemistry, 10(4), 336-344. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.10.4.336-344.1852
Zhao, Zi, Fan Lin Li, & Ming Su. "Indirect detection of 5-hydroxytryptamine and tyramine by using tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium-graphene modified electrode coupled with capillary electrophoresis." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 10.4 (2019): 336-344. Web. 6 Jul. 2022
Zhao, Zi, Li, Fan, AND Su, Ming. "Indirect detection of 5-hydroxytryptamine and tyramine by using tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium-graphene modified electrode coupled with capillary electrophoresis" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 10 Number 4 (31 December 2019)

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