OPEN ACCESS | PEER-REVIEWED | RESEARCH ARTICLE | DOWNLOAD PDF | VIEW FULL-TEXT PDF | TOTAL VIEWS
Chemical analysis of some Pakistani Portland cement/clinker and their compliance with ASTM standards
Sufian Rasheed (1,*) , Niamat Ullah (2) , Amir Ullah (3)
(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Government Post Graduate College (KUST), Kohat, 26000, Pakistan
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Government Post Graduate College (KUST), Kohat, 26000, Pakistan
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Hazara University, Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 21120, Pakistan
(*) Corresponding Author
Received: 10 Mar 2020 | Revised: 10 Jun 2020 | Accepted: 19 Jun 2020 | Published: 30 Sep 2020 | Issue Date: September 2020
This is a quality control study and analysis of Portland cement taken from four Pakistani cement plants (Deewan, Kohat, Lucky and Maple Leaf). These four samples were analysed and the determination of major oxides present was carried out. Loss on ignition and the percentage of insoluble residue was also determined. Our research shows percentage of major oxides present in these four samples i.e. calcium oxide, silicon dioxide, aluminium oxide, iron oxide, sulphur trioxide and magnesium oxide. According to the American Society for Testing and Materials Cement (ASTM C150), the percentage of these oxides, loss on ignition and insoluble residue of these four plants are within the specified quality control range. The present study compared the quality of different oxides at the Portland cement brands in Pakistan. The percentages of SiO2,SO3, CaO, Al2O3,MgO and Fe2O3 were calculated according to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM C150) uniform standards. The percentages of all of the brands were within the limits specified by the standard (ASTM C150).
Our editors have decided to support scientists to publish their manuscripts in European Journal of Chemistry without any financial constraints.
1- The article processing fee will not be charged from the articles containing the single-crystal structure characterization or a DFT study between September 15, 2023 and October 31, 2023 (Voucher code: FALL2023).
2. A 50% discount will be applied to the article processing fee for submissions made between September 15, 2023 and October 31, 2023 by authors who have at least one publication in the European Journal of Chemistry (Voucher code: AUTHOR-3-2023).
3. Young writers will not be charged for the article processing fee between September 15, 2023 and October 31, 2023 (Voucher code: YOUNG2023).
European Journal of Chemistry
Links for Article
| | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
| | | |
Article MetricsThis Abstract was viewed 1123 times | PDF Article downloaded 364 times
. Hansson, C. M. Metall. Mater. Trans. B 1995, 26(3), 417-437.
. U. S. Geological Survey, Mineral commodity summaries 2008: U. S. Geological Survey, 2008, pp. 44-45.
. State Bank of Pakistan (2019). Retrieved Feb 05, 2020, http://tradingeconomics.com/pakistan/cement-production
. Winter, N. B. Microanalysis Consultants. Understanding cement: An introduction to cement production, cement hydration and deleterious processes in concrete, WHD Microanalysis Consultants Ltd., Woodbridge, U. K., 2012.
. Davidovits, J. World Resour. Rev. 1994, 6(2), 263-278.
. Lea, F. M. The Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, 3rd edition, Arnold Publishers, London, UK, 1970.
. Standard Specification for Portland Cement, ASTM C-150, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol. 04. 01, Cement, Lime and Gypsum, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA (1999).
. Rajwar, B. S.; Pandey, I. K. Inter. J. Adv. Res. Eng. Appl. Sci. 2014, 3(4), 7-16.
. El-Gray, A. A.; Ahmed, F. B. M. Am. J. Appl. Chem. 2016, 4(1), 14-17.
. Pandey, G. N.; Shukla, S. D. A text book of chemical technology, New Delhi: Vikas Publishing; Vol 1; 1980.
. Bediako, M.; Amankwah, E. O. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering 2015, 2015, 349401.
. Austin, G. T. Shreve's Chemical Process Industries, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill Book Company, Singapore, 1985.
. Neville, A. M. Concrete Technology, 4th Edition: Longman Singapore Publishers Ltd., 1996.
How to cite
The other citation formats (EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | BibTeX | RefWorks) for this article can be found online at: How to cite item
DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.11.3.194-197.1980
| | | | | | | |
| | | | | | |
Save to Zotero Save to Mendeley
European Journal of Chemistry 2020, 11(3), 194-197 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.11.3.194-197.1980 | Get rights and content
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at http://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/pages/view/terms and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0). By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License (http://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/pages/view/terms) are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).
© Copyright 2010 - 2023 • Atlanta Publishing House LLC • All Right Reserved.
The opinions expressed in all articles published in European Journal of Chemistry are those of the specific author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of Atlanta Publishing House LLC, or European Journal of Chemistry, or any of its employees.
Copyright 2010-2023 Atlanta Publishing House LLC. All rights reserved. This site is owned and operated by Atlanta Publishing House LLC whose registered office is 2850 Smith Ridge Trce Peachtree Cor GA 30071-2636, USA. Registered in USA.