European Journal of Chemistry 2022, 13(2), 162-167 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.13.2.162-167.2231 | Get rights and content

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Effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel process


Samreen Zahra (1,*) orcid , Saboora Qaisa (2) orcid , Asma Sheikh (3) orcid , Hamim Bukhari (4) orcid , Chaudhry Athar Amin (5) orcid

(1) Mineral Processing Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
(2) Department of Chemistry, Post Graduate Islamia College, Cooper Road, Lahore-54000, Pakistan
(3) Biotechnology and Food Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
(4) Department of Chemistry, Post Graduate Islamia College, Cooper Road, Lahore-54000, Pakistan
(5) Mineral Processing Research Centre, Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore-54600, Pakistan
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 22 Feb 2022 | Revised: 05 Apr 2022 | Accepted: 22 Apr 2022 | Published: 30 Jun 2022 | Issue Date: June 2022

Abstract


This study reports the base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles. The solution was primarily comprised of zinc nitrate hexahydrate as a metal precursor, isopropyl alcohol and water as solvents, and glycerin as a stabilizing agent. The effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of the prepared nanoparticles was investigated by varying the calcination temperature from 500 to 900 °C. The X-ray diffraction analysis, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, and field emission scanning electron microscopy were employed to determine the crystal structure, surface functional groups, thermal stability, and surface morphology of the nanoparticles. The particle size was found to be directly proportional to the calcination temperature.


Keywords


Zinc oxide; Calcination; Nanoparticles; Base catalyzed; Sol-gel process; Crystal structure

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.13.2.162-167.2231

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Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Pakistan.

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How to cite


Zahra, S.; Qaisa, S.; Sheikh, A.; Bukhari, H.; Amin, C. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(2), 162-167. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.2.162-167.2231
Zahra, S.; Qaisa, S.; Sheikh, A.; Bukhari, H.; Amin, C. Effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel process. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(2), 162-167. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.2.162-167.2231
Zahra, S., Qaisa, S., Sheikh, A., Bukhari, H., & Amin, C. (2022). Effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel process. European Journal of Chemistry, 13(2), 162-167. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.2.162-167.2231
Zahra, Samreen, Saboora Qaisa, Asma Sheikh, Hamim Bukhari, & Chaudhry Athar Amin. "Effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel process." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 13.2 (2022): 162-167. Web. 4 Oct. 2022
Zahra, Samreen, Qaisa, Saboora, Sheikh, Asma, Bukhari, Hamim, AND Amin, Chaudhry. "Effect of calcination temperature on the structure and morphology of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized by base-catalyzed aqueous sol-gel process" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 13 Number 2 (30 June 2022)

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European Journal of Chemistry 2022, 13(2), 162-167 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.13.2.162-167.2231 | Get rights and content

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