European Journal of Chemistry

Discovery of high antibacterial and antitumor effects against multi-drug resistant clinically isolated bacteria and MCF-7 and AGS cell lines by biosynthesized silver nanoparticles using Oxalis corniculata extract


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Mohammad Ali Ebrahimzadeh
Seyedeh Roya Alizadeh
Zahra Hashemi


The green technique is a unique way to produce functional nanoparticles. We examined the green synthesis of Ag nanoparticles (O-AgNPs) by the extract of Oxalis corniculata. Green-synthesized O-AgNPs were accomplished by monitoring critical factors such as concentration, pH, reaction time, and temperature. Several analytical techniques, including scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, and UV-Vis spectroscopy, were applied to characterize O-AgNPs. The SEM analysis showed O-AgNPs with a spherical shape and an average size of 33.57 nm. The XRD pattern indicated the face-centered cubic (fcc) structure of the prepared O-AgNPs. The anticancer activity of the synthesized O-AgNPs was investigated in MCF-7 (breast) and AGS (gastric) cell lines, indicating high anticancer effects against selected cell lines. The growth of all selected bacteria containing Gram+ and Gram- was inhibited by O-AgNPs. O-AgNPs showed greater inhibition in comparison to conventional antibiotics. As a result, our green synthesized AgNPs using plant extracts exhibited anticancer and antibacterial activities.

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Ebrahimzadeh, M. A.; Alizadeh, S. R.; Hashemi, Z. Discovery of High Antibacterial and Antitumor Effects Against Multi-Drug Resistant Clinically Isolated Bacteria and MCF-7 and AGS Cell Lines by Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles Using Oxalis Corniculata Extract. Eur. J. Chem. 2023, 14, 202-210.

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Supporting Agencies

Research reported in this publication was supported by Elite Researcher Grant Committee under award number [958433] from the National Institute for Medical Research Development (NIMAD), Tehran, Iran.

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