European Journal of Chemistry 2012, 3(2), 202-207. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.2.202-207.590

Highly sensitive procedure for the determination of ultra-trace amounts of bromate ions in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with UV-Vis spectrophotometry


Hamed Mohammed Al-Saidi (1,*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, University College in Makkah, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, 21955, Saudi Arabia
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 28 Jan 2012, Accepted: 20 Feb 2012, Published: 30 Jun 2012

Abstract


In the present work, a novel, simple, and green procedure is presented for the determination of bromate ions in water. The method is based upon using tetraphenylphosphonium iodide (TPP+ I) as an ion pairing reagent and a source of iodide ions that react with bromate to produce triiodide ion (I3). The complex ion associate formed between I3, equivalent to bromate ions, and TPP+ was extracted by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction. Under the optimum conditions, Beer’s-Lambert law and Ringbom’s plot of the colored complex ion associate were obeyed in the range of 0.01-0.5 and 0.02-0.2 µg/mL of BrO3 at 365 nm, respectively, with a relative standard deviation in the range of 2.1 ± 1.3%. The proposed method offers 0.003 and 0.012 µg/mL lower limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) of the bromate ion, respectively. Moreover, the chemical composition and the stability constant of the developed ion associate were found to be [TPP+ I3] and 4.43 × 105, respectively. The proposed method was free from most interferences present in many chromatographic, spectrofluorimetric and spectrophotometric methods. The developed method did not need a special treatment of sample for eliminating the interferences prior to the application of DLLME and was successfully used to the analysis of bromate ion in both drinking water treated by ozone and tap water.

3_2_202_207_800


Keywords


Triiodide ion; Ozonated water; Preconcentration; Sample treatment; Complex ion associate; Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.3.2.202-207.590

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Citations

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[1]. H.M. Al-Saidi, M.S. El-Shahawi
Extractive liquid–liquid spectrofluorometric determination of trace and ultra concentrations of bromate in water samples by the fluorescence quenching of tetraphenylphosphonium iodide
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy  138, 736, 2015
DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2014.11.050
/


[2]. H. M. Al-Saidi, A. A. El-Bindary, A. Z. El-Sonbati, M. A. Abdel-Fadeel
Fluorescence enhancement of rhodamine B as a tool for the determination of trace and ultra-trace concentrations of bismuth using dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction
RSC Advances  6(25), 21210, 2016
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA27764G
/


[3]. S. Bahar, B. Babamiri
Preconcentration and determination of low amounts of cobalt in black tea, paprika and marjoram using dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction and flame atomic absorption spectrometry
Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society  12(1), 51, 2015
DOI: 10.1007/s13738-014-0453-3
/


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How to cite


Al-Saidi, H. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(2), 202-207. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.2.202-207.590
Al-Saidi, H. Highly sensitive procedure for the determination of ultra-trace amounts of bromate ions in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(2), 202-207. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.2.202-207.590
Al-Saidi, H. (2012). Highly sensitive procedure for the determination of ultra-trace amounts of bromate ions in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with UV-Vis spectrophotometry. European Journal of Chemistry, 3(2), 202-207. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.2.202-207.590
Al-Saidi, Hamed. "Highly sensitive procedure for the determination of ultra-trace amounts of bromate ions in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with UV-Vis spectrophotometry." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 3.2 (2012): 202-207. Web. 22 Sep. 2019
Al-Saidi, Hamed. "Highly sensitive procedure for the determination of ultra-trace amounts of bromate ions in water by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with UV-Vis spectrophotometry" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 3 Number 2 (30 June 2012)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.3.2.202-207.590

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