European Journal of Chemistry

Cadmium effects on total individual numbers, species diversity and pigments content of epiphytic diatoms growing on Myriophyllum spicatum L.



Main Article Content

Ridvan Erdal Sivaci
Aysel Sivaci

Abstract

This study investigated the total organism change, species richness, chlorophyll-a and carotenoid changes in the floral composition, which are developed by epiphytic diatom species growing on Myriophyllum spicatum L., collected from the Gokpinar Lake (Sivas), against the effects of cadmium. The concentrations of the cadmium (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 16 mg/L) were used and they were exposed to heavy metal for 96 hours. The experimental set up was already assembled before the epiphytic diatoms separated from the M. spicatum. While the total organism decreased in all cadmium concentrations compared to the control group, the viability rate within the total organism decreased from 90 to %60. Cocconeis placentula var. euglypta (Ehr.) Grun. and Gomphonema minutum Ag. were found to be dominant species in the flora. The index of diversity was determined as 0.82 in the control group. Depending on the increase in cadmium concentration, this value decreased to 0.38. Chlorophyll-a and carotenoid quantities decreased with the increase of cadmium concentration.

3_3_283_286_800


icon graph This Abstract was viewed 1345 times | icon graph Article PDF downloaded 621 times

How to Cite
(1)
Sivaci, R. E.; Sivaci, A. Cadmium Effects on Total Individual Numbers, Species Diversity and Pigments Content of Epiphytic Diatoms Growing on Myriophyllum Spicatum L. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3, 283-286.

Article Details

Share
Crossref - Scopus - Google - European PMC
References

[1]. Aiken, S. G.; Newroth, P. R.; Wile, I. Can J Physiol Pharm 1979, 59, 201-215.

[2]. Secmen, O.; Leblebici, E. Wetland Flora of Turkey and Cover Plant 1997, Ege University, Science Faculty, Publish No: 158. Ege University Press, İzmir.

[3]. Ali, M. M.; Soltan, M. Aquatic Bot. 2006, 84, 239-244.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2005.11.002

[4]. Ryan, M. W.; John, D. Hidrobiologica 2011, 665, 93-105.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10750-011-0607-6

[5]. Mackereth, F. J.; Heron, J. H.; Talling, J. F. Water Analiysis Some Revised Methods for Limnologists, Association Scientific Publications. U. K., 1989.

[6]. Dogan, M.; Saygıdeger, D. S. Ekoloji 2009, 18, 57-64.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5053/ekoloji.2009.716

[7]. Ayas, D.; Kalay, M.; Sangun, M. K. Ekoloji 2009, 18, 32-37.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5053/ekoloji.2009.705

[8]. Haghiri, F. J Environ Qual. 1973, 2, 93-96.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq1973.00472425000200010012x

[9]. Sanchez, B. B., The use of antioxidant enzymatic activities of metal contamination in freshwater biofilms,Thesis. Universitat de Girona, Spain, 2008.

[10]. Potapova, M. G.; Charles, D. F.; Ponader, K. C.; Winter, D. M. Hydrobiologica 2004, 517, 25-41.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:HYDR.0000027335.73651.ea

[11]. Koster, D.; Hubener, T. Int. Rev. Hydro. 2001, 86, 241-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1522-2632(200104)86:2<241::AID-IROH241>3.0.CO;2-H

[12]. Mitrofanova, E. Russ. J. Ecol. 2011, 3, 256-259.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S1067413611030118

[13]. Lototskaya, A. B.; Piet, F. M.; Costeb, V. M.; Vijver, B. V. Ecol. Indic. 2011, 11, 456-467.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2010.06.017

[14]. Round, F. E. J. Ecol. 1953, 41, 174-97.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2257108

[15]. Krammer, K.; Lange Bertalot, H. Gustav Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart Band, 2/3, 3, 1991a.

[16]. Krammer, K.; Lange Bertalot, H. Gustav Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart Band, 2/4, 4, 1991b.

[17]. Krammer, K.; Lange Bertalot, H. Gustav Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart Band, 2/1, 1, 1999a.

[18]. Krammer, K.; Lange Bertalot, H. Gustav Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart Band, 2/2, 2, 1999b.

[19]. John, D. M.; Whitton, B. A.; Brook, A. J. The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles, Cambridge University Press, 2003.

[20]. Margalef, R. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 1960, 45, 133-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/iroh.19600450108

[21]. Deniseger, J.; Austin, A.; Lucey, W. P. Freshwater Biol. 1986, 16, 209-218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1986.tb00965.x

[22]. Gold, C. A.; Feurtet-Mazel, M.; Coste, A.; Boudou, A. Arch Environ Con Tox. 2003, 44, 189-197
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00244-002-2024-3
PMid:12520391

[23]. Benavides, M. P.; Gallego, S. M.; Tomaro, M. L. Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 2005, 17, 21-34.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202005000100003

[24]. Romero, P.; Rodriguez, M. C.; Corpas, M.; Gomez, F. J.; Del Rio, M.; Sandalio, L. A. Plant Cell Environ. 2004, 27, 1122-1134.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2004.01217.x

[25]. Sanitadi-Toppi, L.; Gabrielli, R. Environ Exp. Bot. 1999, 41, 105-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0098-8472(98)00058-6

[26]. Mittler, R. Trends Plant Sci. 2002, 7, 405-410.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1360-1385(02)02312-9

[27]. Zhou, W.; Qiu, B. Plant Sci. 2005, 169, 737-745.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2005.05.030

[28]. Caroline, G.; Agnes, F. M.; Michel, C.; Alain, B. Freshwater Biol. 2003, 48, 316-328.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2427.2003.00980.x

[29]. Sabater, S.; Navarro, E.; Guasch, H. J Appl Phycol. 2002, 14, 391-398.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022142227394

[30]. Van Assche, F.; Clijsters, H. Plant Cell Environ. 1990, 13, 195-206.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.1990.tb01304.x

[31]. Clarkson, D.; Luttge, U. Progr. Bot. 1989, 51, 93-112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-75154-7_7

Supporting Agencies

Most read articles by the same author(s)
TrendMD

Dimensions - Altmetric - scite_ - PlumX

Downloads and views

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...
License Terms

License Terms

by-nc

Copyright © 2024 by Authors. This work is published and licensed by Atlanta Publishing House LLC, Atlanta, GA, USA. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/terms and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC BY NC) (International, v4.0) License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0). By accessing the work, you hereby accept the Terms. This is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the CC BY NC License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited without any further permission from Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry). No use, distribution, or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. Permissions for commercial use of this work beyond the scope of the License (https://www.eurjchem.com/index.php/eurjchem/terms) are administered by Atlanta Publishing House LLC (European Journal of Chemistry).