European Journal of Chemistry 2010, 1(3), 216-220. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.3.216-220.86

Simultaneous preconcentration of lead and cadmium ions with methyltrioctylammonium chloride supported on microcrystalline naphthalene and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry


Mohsen Behpour (1,*) , Nasrin Soltani (2) , Sayed Mehdi Ghoreishi (3)

(1) Department Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, 87317, Iran
(2) Department of Chemistry, Payame Noor University, Isfahan, 83196, Iran
(3) Department Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Kashan, Kashan, 87317, Iran
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 30 Apr 2010, Accepted: 02 Jun 2010, Published: 29 Sep 2010

Abstract


A sensitive and selective preconcentration method has been developed for the determination of trace amounts of lead and cadmium ions by using naphthalene-methyltrioctylammonium chloride as an adsorbent. Lead and cadmium ions were retained by the adsorbent in the minicolumn as PbI42- and CdI42-, respectively. The column was washed by 5 mL of 2 mol L-1 nitric acid solution to elute the adsorbed cations. The collected eluents then were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Potential factors affecting on the recovery of the analytes were investigated. Meanwhile optimum conditions were established. The preconcentration factor for lead (II) and cadmium (II) have been 300 and 100, respectively. The calibration curves were linear in the range of 3 to 100 ng mL-1 for Pb2+ and in the range of 1 to 100 ng mL-1 for Cd2+, in the original water samples. The detection limits for Pb2+ and Cd2+ are 0.42 and 0.072 ng mL-1 respectively. On the other hand, the relative standard deviation (RSD) for 11 replicate measurements of 20 ng mL-1 Pb2+ and Cd2+ were 2.2% and 1.4% in the initial solution respectively (n=11). The developed method was successfully applied for the determination of trace Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions in a variety of water samples.

1_3_216_220_800


Keywords


Cadmium; Lead; FAAS; Preconcentration; Microcrystalline naphthalene

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.1.3.216-220.86

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How to cite


Behpour, M.; Soltani, N.; Ghoreishi, S. Eur. J. Chem. 2010, 1(3), 216-220. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.3.216-220.86
Behpour, M.; Soltani, N.; Ghoreishi, S. Simultaneous preconcentration of lead and cadmium ions with methyltrioctylammonium chloride supported on microcrystalline naphthalene and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Eur. J. Chem. 2010, 1(3), 216-220. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.3.216-220.86
Behpour, M., Soltani, N., & Ghoreishi, S. (2010). Simultaneous preconcentration of lead and cadmium ions with methyltrioctylammonium chloride supported on microcrystalline naphthalene and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. European Journal of Chemistry, 1(3), 216-220. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.3.216-220.86
Behpour, Mohsen, Nasrin Soltani, & Sayed Mehdi Ghoreishi. "Simultaneous preconcentration of lead and cadmium ions with methyltrioctylammonium chloride supported on microcrystalline naphthalene and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 1.3 (2010): 216-220. Web. 16 Sep. 2019
Behpour, Mohsen, Soltani, Nasrin, AND Ghoreishi, Sayed. "Simultaneous preconcentration of lead and cadmium ions with methyltrioctylammonium chloride supported on microcrystalline naphthalene and determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 1 Number 3 (29 September 2010)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.1.3.216-220.86

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