European Journal of Chemistry 2010, 1(1), 12-14 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9 | Get rights and content

Issue cover





  Open Access OPEN ACCESS | Open Access PEER-REVIEWED | RESEARCH ARTICLE | DOWNLOAD PDF | VIEW FULL-TEXT PDF | TOTAL VIEWS

Biotechnological treatment of effluent from the combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring of raw wool


Dancho Yordanov (1,*) , Rositza Betcheva (2) , Lubov Yotova (3)

(1) Department of Textile Chemistry, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, BU-1000, Bulgaria.
(2) Department of Textile Chemistry, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, BU-1000, Bulgaria.
(3) Department of Textile Chemistry, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, BU-1000, Bulgaria.
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 24 Mar 2010 | Accepted: 24 Mar 2010 | Published: 31 Mar 2010 | Issue Date: March 2010

Abstract


New eco-labels for textile products and demands to wastewater discharges are forcing wool scouring processes to reuse wastewater and to search for more efficient and environmental friendly methods of processing. This challenge has prompted intensive research in new advanced treatment technologies. Due to the high level of detergent usage, the most widely used treatment of wool scouring effluent (WSE) is anaerobic. As the pressure to use more environmentally acceptable treatment methods increases there is the need to study alternative, biologically efficient treatment systems for WSE. This work aims at studying the influence of the combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring of raw wool fibers on the effectiveness of the anaerobic treatment of effluents from this processing. Experiments carried out combined enzyme and ultrasound scouring of wool followed by treatment of effluents obtained. Aerobic and anaerobic treatments of these effluents were performed using a special laboratory reactor. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) of effluents from different scouring processes were defined. The results of this study indicate that the anaerobic biological and chemical treatments of WSE treated by combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring is a promising alternative technology from the point of view of reducing the wastewater pollution and the effective cleaning of effluents coming out from this process.

1_1_12_14_800


Keywords


Wool scouring effluent; Aerobic treatment; Anaerobic treatment; Clean technology; Activated-sludge; Enzyme

Full Text:

PDF
PDF    Open Access

DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9

Links for Article


| | | | | | |

| | | | | | |

| | | |

Related Articles




Article Metrics

icon graph This Abstract was viewed 1368 times | icon graph PDF Article downloaded 407 times


Citations

/


[1]. M. Zoccola, A. Montarsolo, R. Mossotti, A. Patrucco, C. Tonin
Green Hydrolysis as an Emerging Technology to Turn Wool Waste into Organic Nitrogen Fertilizer
Waste and Biomass Valorization  6(5), 891, 2015
DOI: 10.1007/s12649-015-9393-0
/


References


[1]. Norman, P. I.; Seddon, R. J. Soc. Dyers Colour. 1991, 107, 215-218.

[2]. Sachs, J.; Meyer, P.; Rkehauer, P. Water Research 2003, 37, 973-982.
doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(02)00446-3

[3]. Oxley, P.; Brechtelsbauer, C.; Ricard, F.; Lewis, N.; Ramshaw, C. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2000, 39(7), 2175-2182.
doi:10.1021/ie990869u

[4]. Brechtelsbauer, C.; Lewis, N.; Oxley, P.; Ricard, F. Org. Proc. Res. Dev. 2001, 5(1), 65-68.
doi:10.1021/op0000834

[5]. Stankiewicz, A.; Moulijn, J. A. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2002, 41(8), 1920-1924.
doi:10.1021/ie011025p

[6]. Vicevic, M.; Boodhoo, K.; Scott, K. Chem. Eng. J. 2007, 133, 43-57.
doi:10.1016/j.cej.2006.12.003

[7]. Silvaa, C. J. S. M.; Prabaharana, M.; Gubitzb, G.; Cavaco-Pauloa, A. Enzyme Microb. Tech. 2005, 36, 917-922.
doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.01.017
Can't connect to PubMed

[8]. Silvaa, C. J. S. M.; Prabaharana, M.; Gubitzb, G.; Cavaco-Pauloa, A. Enzyme Micro. Tech. 2006, 39, 634-640.
doi:10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.11.016

[9]. Silvaa, C. J. S. M.; Guebitz, G.; Cavaco-Paulo, A. J. Chem. Tech. & Biotech. 2006, 81(1), 8-16.

[10]. Schroeder, M.; Schweitzer, M; Lenting, H. B. M.; Guebitz, G. M. Biocatalysis biotransfor. 2004, 22, 299-305.

[11]. Tchobanoglous, G.; Burton, F. L.; Stensel, H. D. Metcalf & Eddy Fourth edition. 2002.

[12]. 5210 B. 5-Day BOD Test. Approved by Standard Methods Committee, 1997. http://www.norweco.com/html/lab/test_methods/5210bfp.htm.

[13]. 5220 B. Open Reflux Method. Approved by Standard Methods Committee, 1997. http://www.norweco.com/html/lab/test_methods/5220bfp.htm.


How to cite


Yordanov, D.; Betcheva, R.; Yotova, L. Eur. J. Chem. 2010, 1(1), 12-14. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9
Yordanov, D.; Betcheva, R.; Yotova, L. Biotechnological treatment of effluent from the combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring of raw wool. Eur. J. Chem. 2010, 1(1), 12-14. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9
Yordanov, D., Betcheva, R., & Yotova, L. (2010). Biotechnological treatment of effluent from the combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring of raw wool. European Journal of Chemistry, 1(1), 12-14. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9
Yordanov, Dancho, Rositza Betcheva, & Lubov Yotova. "Biotechnological treatment of effluent from the combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring of raw wool." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 1.1 (2010): 12-14. Web. 28 Nov. 2021
Yordanov, Dancho, Betcheva, Rositza, AND Yotova, Lubov. "Biotechnological treatment of effluent from the combined enzymatic-ultrasound scouring of raw wool" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 1 Number 1 (31 March 2010)

The other citation formats (EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | BibTeX | RefWorks) for this article can be found online at: How to cite item



DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9

CrossRef | Scilit | GrowKudos | Researchgate | Publons | Microsoft | scibey | Scite | Lens | OUCI

WorldCat Paperbuzz | LibKey Citeas | Dimensions | Semanticscholar | Plumx | Kopernio | Zotero | Mendeley

ZoteroSave to Zotero MendeleySave to Mendeley



European Journal of Chemistry 2010, 1(1), 12-14 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.1.1.12-14.9 | Get rights and content

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)





© Copyright 2010 - 2021  Atlanta Publishing House LLC All Right Reserved.

The opinions expressed in all articles published in European Journal of Chemistry are those of the specific author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of Atlanta Publishing House LLC, or European Journal of Chemistry, or any of its employees.

Copyright 2010-2021 Atlanta Publishing House LLC. All rights reserved. This site is owned and operated by Atlanta Publishing House LLC whose registered office is 2850 Smith Ridge Trce Peachtree Cor GA 30071-2636, USA. Registered in USA.