European Journal of Chemistry 2012, 3(4), 426-432. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.426-432.671

Ziziphus mauritiana leaves extracts as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in H2SO4 and HCl solutions

Shivapura Subbappa Shivakumar (1) , Kikkeri Narasimha Shetty Mohana (2,*)

(1) Department of Studies in Chemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, 570006, India
(2) Department of Studies in Chemistry, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore, 570006, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 13 Aug 2012, Accepted: 13 Sep 2012, Published: 31 Dec 2012


The inhibition performance of extracts of Ziziphus mauritiana on mild steel corrosion in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.5 M HCl was investigated using gravimetric, electrochemical polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopic studies. The gravimetric results indicate that Ziziphus mauritiana leaves extract exhibits good inhibition efficiency in both the acids. Furthermore, the inhibition efficiency decreases with increase in temperature. Polarization measurements showed that the studied inhibitor is mixed type in both acids with significant reduction of cathodic and anodic current densities. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements revealed that the charge transfer resistance increases with increase in the concentration of Ziziphus mauritiana extracts. Various thermodynamic parameters such as activation energy, activation enthalpy and activation entropy are evaluated and discussed. Adsorption thermodynamic parameters are also computed, and SEM was used to analyze the surface adsorbed film.



Mild steel; Corrosion; Weight loss; Polarization; Ziziphus mauritiana; Electrochemical impedance

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.426-432.671

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How to cite

Shivakumar, S.; Mohana, K. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(4), 426-432. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.426-432.671
Shivakumar, S.; Mohana, K. Ziziphus mauritiana leaves extracts as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in H2SO4 and HCl solutions. Eur. J. Chem. 2012, 3(4), 426-432. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.426-432.671
Shivakumar, S., & Mohana, K. (2012). Ziziphus mauritiana leaves extracts as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in H2SO4 and HCl solutions. European Journal of Chemistry, 3(4), 426-432. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.3.4.426-432.671
Shivakumar, Shivapura, & Kikkeri Narasimha Shetty Mohana. "Ziziphus mauritiana leaves extracts as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in H2SO4 and HCl solutions." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 3.4 (2012): 426-432. Web. 17 Jan. 2019
Shivakumar, Shivapura, AND Mohana, Kikkeri. "Ziziphus mauritiana leaves extracts as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in H2SO4 and HCl solutions" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 3 Number 4 (31 December 2012)

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