European Journal of Chemistry 2015, 6(2), 183-188 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.183-188.1241 | Get rights and content






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Determination of thallium in environmental samples by surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with first order derivative spectrophotometry


Louis George (1) , Anitha Varghese (2,*) , Aatika Nizam (3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Christ University, Bangalore, 560068, India
(2) Department of Chemistry, Christ University, Bangalore, 560068, India
(3) Department of Chemistry, Christ University, Bangalore, 560068, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 10 Jan 2015 | Revised: 06 Mar 2015 | Accepted: 22 Mar 2015 | Published: 30 Jun 2015 | Issue Date: June 2015

Abstract


A surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (SA-DLLME) combined with derivative spectrophotometric method has been proposed for the determination of thallium(III) using a chelating agent diacetylmonoxime-p-hydroxybenzoylhydrazone. Disperser solvent was substituted by surfactant, which made the emulsification more effective and extraction, quite environment friendly. Carbon tetrachloride was employed as the extractant. The developed SA-DLLME technique was coupled with first order derivative spectrophotometric method to improve the analytical performance. Optimum conditions relevant to SA-DLLME and instrumental parameters were studied in detail. The enrichment factor of the method was found to be 23. The limit of detection and quantitation limit of first order derivative spectrophotometric method were found to be 0.22 and 0.67 µg/L, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) for five replicates of 50.0 µg/L of thallium(III) was found to be 1.12%. The applicability of the method was evaluated by the trace level determination of thallium in different environmental samples.


Keywords


Surfactant; Extractant; Thallium(III); Dispersive-liquid microextraction; Derivative spectrophotometry; Diacetylmonoxime-p-hydroxybenzoylhydrazone

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.183-188.1241

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Funding information


NMR Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India

Citations

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[1]. Elham Ashrafzadeh Afshar, Mohammad Ali Taher, Hamid Fazelirad
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DOI: 10.1007/s00604-016-2040-z
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[2]. N. Raphael Biata, K. Mogolodi Dimpe, James Ramontja, Nomvano Mketo, Philiswa N. Nomngongo
Determination of thallium in water samples using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) after ultrasonic assisted-dispersive solid phase microextraction
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DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2017.10.020
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How to cite


George, L.; Varghese, A.; Nizam, A. Eur. J. Chem. 2015, 6(2), 183-188. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.183-188.1241
George, L.; Varghese, A.; Nizam, A. Determination of thallium in environmental samples by surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with first order derivative spectrophotometry. Eur. J. Chem. 2015, 6(2), 183-188. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.183-188.1241
George, L., Varghese, A., & Nizam, A. (2015). Determination of thallium in environmental samples by surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with first order derivative spectrophotometry. European Journal of Chemistry, 6(2), 183-188. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.183-188.1241
George, Louis, Anitha Varghese, & Aatika Nizam. "Determination of thallium in environmental samples by surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with first order derivative spectrophotometry." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 6.2 (2015): 183-188. Web. 18 Feb. 2020
George, Louis, Varghese, Anitha, AND Nizam, Aatika. "Determination of thallium in environmental samples by surfactant assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with first order derivative spectrophotometry" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 6 Number 2 (30 June 2015)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.6.2.183-188.1241

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