European Journal of Chemistry 2016, 7(3), 271-279. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.3.271-279.1427

Design, synthesis and molecular docking studies of some morpholine linked thiazolidinone hybrid molecules


Javeed Ahmad War (1) , Santosh Kumar Srivastava (2,*) , Savitri Devi Srivastava (3)

(1) Synthetic Organic Chemistry-Molecular Modelling Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, 470003, India
(2) Synthetic Organic Chemistry-Molecular Modelling Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, 470003, India
(3) Synthetic Organic Chemistry-Molecular Modelling Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Dr. Hari Singh Gour University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, 470003, India
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 16 Mar 2016, Accepted: 17 Apr 2016, Published: 30 Sep 2016

Abstract


A novel series of morpoline linked thiazolidione hybrid molecules targeting bacterial enoyl acyl carrier protein (Enoyl-ACP) reductase were designed and synthesized through a three step reaction protocol, which involves simple reaction setup and moderate reaction conditions. The synthesized molecules were characterized with FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HRMS techniques. In vitro susceptibility tests against some Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) and Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) gave highly promising results. Most of the molecules were found to be active against the tested bacterial strains. The most potent molecule (S2B7) gave MIC value of 2.0 µg/mL against Escherichia coli that was better than the reference drug streptomycin. Structure activity relationship showed nitro and chloro groups are crucial for bioactivity if present at meta position of arylidene ring in designed molecules. Molecular docking simulations against multiple targets showed that the designed molecules have strong binding affinity towards Enoyl-ACP reductase. Binding affinity of -8.6 kcal/mol was predicted for S2B7. Van der Waals forces, hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions were predicted as the main forces of interaction.


Keywords


Thiourea; Morpholine; Target fishing; Thiazolidinone; Molecular docking; Antimicrobial activity

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.7.3.271-279.1427

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How to cite


War, J.; Srivastava, S.; Srivastava, S. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(3), 271-279. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.3.271-279.1427
War, J.; Srivastava, S.; Srivastava, S. Design, synthesis and molecular docking studies of some morpholine linked thiazolidinone hybrid molecules. Eur. J. Chem. 2016, 7(3), 271-279. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.3.271-279.1427
War, J., Srivastava, S., & Srivastava, S. (2016). Design, synthesis and molecular docking studies of some morpholine linked thiazolidinone hybrid molecules. European Journal of Chemistry, 7(3), 271-279. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.7.3.271-279.1427
War, Javeed, Santosh Kumar Srivastava, & Savitri Devi Srivastava. "Design, synthesis and molecular docking studies of some morpholine linked thiazolidinone hybrid molecules." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 7.3 (2016): 271-279. Web. 18 Nov. 2019
War, Javeed, Srivastava, Santosh, AND Srivastava, Savitri. "Design, synthesis and molecular docking studies of some morpholine linked thiazolidinone hybrid molecules" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 7 Number 3 (30 September 2016)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.7.3.271-279.1427

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