European Journal of Chemistry 2021, 12(1), 32-36 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.12.1.32-36.2051 | Get rights and content

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Assessment of the iodine level of table salt from Senegalese households


Amadou Diop (1,*) orcid , Rokhaya Gueye (2) orcid , Mamadou Balde (3) orcid , Khadidiatou Thiam (4) orcid , Nassifatou Koko Tittikpina (5) orcid , Ousmane Niass (6) orcid , Serigne Omar Sarr (7) orcid , Bara Ndiaye (8) orcid , Yerim Mbagnick Diop (9) orcid

(1) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(2) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(3) Laboratory of Physical, Mineral, Organic and Therapeutic Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(4) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(5) Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Lome, BP 1515 Lome, Togo
(6) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(7) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(8) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(9) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Food Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, Cheikh Anta Diop University, BP 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 15 Nov 2020 | Revised: 28 Dec 2020 | Accepted: 30 Dec 2020 | Published: 31 Mar 2021 | Issue Date: March 2021

Abstract


Senegal is affected by a relatively high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders, which compromises its social and economic development. To address this situation, the Universal Salt Iodization strategy was adopted by the Senegalese Government. The monitoring of salt iodine status is crucial to the success of such a program. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the iodine concentration of table salt from Senegalese households. A total of 1575 samples collected in urban and rural areas were analyzed using the iodometric method. The powdered salt samples showed higher mean iodine content (18.99 ppm) and lower percentage of non-compliance (58.4%) than the other salt types (p = 0.02). Most of the samples collected from urban area were found with iodine content between 15 and 39.9 ppm, whereas, in rural areas, the situation was significantly different (p = 0.01). Iodine levels of most samples were lower than 5 ppm in the rural producing area or varied between 5 to 14.9 ppm in the rural non-producing area. A percentage of 37.3% of adequately iodized salt samples was obtained at a national scale with a significant disparity between urban and rural areas. Therefore, improvements in quality control procedures in tandem with the iodization process are necessary and an information, education and communication strategy should be adopted.


Keywords


Salt; Iodine; Senegal; Households; Redox chemistry; Iodometric method

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.12.1.32-36.2051

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Funding information


Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), the Micronutrient Initiative (MI), and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

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How to cite


Diop, A.; Gueye, R.; Balde, M.; Thiam, K.; Tittikpina, N.; Niass, O.; Sarr, S.; Ndiaye, B.; Diop, Y. Eur. J. Chem. 2021, 12(1), 32-36. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.12.1.32-36.2051
Diop, A.; Gueye, R.; Balde, M.; Thiam, K.; Tittikpina, N.; Niass, O.; Sarr, S.; Ndiaye, B.; Diop, Y. Assessment of the iodine level of table salt from Senegalese households. Eur. J. Chem. 2021, 12(1), 32-36. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.12.1.32-36.2051
Diop, A., Gueye, R., Balde, M., Thiam, K., Tittikpina, N., Niass, O., Sarr, S., Ndiaye, B., & Diop, Y. (2021). Assessment of the iodine level of table salt from Senegalese households. European Journal of Chemistry, 12(1), 32-36. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.12.1.32-36.2051
Diop, Amadou, Rokhaya Gueye, Mamadou Balde, Khadidiatou Thiam, Nassifatou Koko Tittikpina, Ousmane Niass, Serigne Omar Sarr, Bara Ndiaye, & Yerim Mbagnick Diop. "Assessment of the iodine level of table salt from Senegalese households." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 12.1 (2021): 32-36. Web. 12 Apr. 2021
Diop, Amadou, Gueye, Rokhaya, Balde, Mamadou, Thiam, Khadidiatou, Tittikpina, Nassifatou, Niass, Ousmane, Sarr, Serigne, Ndiaye, Bara, AND Diop, Yerim. "Assessment of the iodine level of table salt from Senegalese households" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 12 Number 1 (31 March 2021)

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