European Journal of Chemistry 2022, 13(1), 20-32 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.13.1.20-32.2139 | Get rights and content

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Development of a new highly sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt at nanotrace levels in various complex matrices using N,N’-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine


Muhammad Jamaluddin Ahmed (1,*) orcid , Tahmina Happy (2) orcid

(1) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong - 4331, Bangladesh
(2) Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong - 4331, Bangladesh
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 07 Jul 2021 | Revised: 20 Sep 2021 | Accepted: 07 Nov 2021 | Published: 31 Mar 2022 | Issue Date: March 2022

Abstract


A new spectrophotometric reagent, N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine (Salen), has been synthesized and characterized through novel reaction techniques. A very simple, ultrasensitive, and nonextractive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of the picotrace amount of cobalt (II) using Salen. Salen undergoes a reaction in a slightly acidic solution (0.001-0.003 M H2S04) with cobalt in 20% ethanol to give a light orange chelate, which has an absorption maximum at 459 nm. The reaction is instantaneous, and the absorbance remains stable for over 24 hours. The average molar absorption co-efficient and Sandell’s sensitivity were found to be 6.04×105 L/mol.cm and 5.0 ng/cm2 of Co, respectively. Linear calibration graphs were obtained for 0.001-40 mg/Lof Co with a detection limit of 0.1 µg/L and RSD of 0-2 %. The stoichiometric composition of the chelate is 1:1 (Co:Salen). A large excess of over 60 cations, anions and some common complexing agents such as chloride, azide, tartrate, EDTA, SCN- etc. do not interfere in the determination. The developed method was successfully used in the determination of cobalt in several Certified Reference Materials (Alloys, steel, bovine liver, human hair, drinking water, sewage sludge, soil, and sediments) as well as in some environmental waters (Potable and polluted), biological fluids (Human blood, urine, and milk), soil samples, food samples (Vegetables, rice, and wheat) and pharmaceutical samples and solutions containing both cobalt (II) and cobalt (III) as well as complex synthetic mixtures. The results of the proposed method for assessing biological, soil, food and vegetable samples were comparable with ICP-OES and AAS were found to be in excellent agreement. The method has high precision and accuracy (s = ±0.01 for 0.5 mg/L).


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Keywords


Biological sample; Spectrophotometry; Cobalt determination; Pharmaceutical sample; Soil and environmental samples; N,N'-bis(Salicylidene)-ethylenediamine

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.13.1.20-32.2139

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How to cite


Ahmed, M.; Happy, T. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(1), 20-32. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.1.20-32.2139
Ahmed, M.; Happy, T. Development of a new highly sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt at nanotrace levels in various complex matrices using N,N’-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(1), 20-32. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.1.20-32.2139
Ahmed, M., & Happy, T. (2022). Development of a new highly sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt at nanotrace levels in various complex matrices using N,N’-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine. European Journal of Chemistry, 13(1), 20-32. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.1.20-32.2139
Ahmed, Muhammad, & Tahmina Happy. "Development of a new highly sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt at nanotrace levels in various complex matrices using N,N’-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 13.1 (2022): 20-32. Web. 26 Nov. 2022
Ahmed, Muhammad, AND Happy, Tahmina. "Development of a new highly sensitive and selective spectrophotometric method for the determination of cobalt at nanotrace levels in various complex matrices using N,N’-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediamine" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 13 Number 1 (31 March 2022)

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