European Journal of Chemistry 2022, 13(3), 337-350 | doi: | Get rights and content

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Electronic band structure of Bi5O7NO3 and its methyl orange removal mechanism

Eshraq Ahmed Abdullah (1,*) orcid

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Taiz University, Taiz, 009674, Yemen
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 21 Jun 2022 | Revised: 15 Jul 2022 | Accepted: 23 Jul 2022 | Published: 30 Sep 2022 | Issue Date: September 2022


A detailed study of the electronic band structures and partial density of states of Bi5O7NO3 with different exchange correlation functionals was performed using the generalized gradient approximation. Bi5O7NO3 has two direct energy gap transitions of 2.84 and 3.66 eV at the experimental lattice parameters, revealing a semiconductor characteristic of a crystal. Molecular Mechanics; however, tends to underestimate the band-gap energies with indirect characters. This deviation is due to the slight decrease in the cell edges and the significant increase in the β angle during the optimization process. The mechanism of removal of methyl orange and its derivatives by the Bi5O7NO3 unit cell, which has the same experimental UV-Vis band gap, was later investigated through a DMol3 module. To do that, frontier molecular orbitals, global reactivity parameters, and electrostatic potential surface maps were evaluated. The high values of the electrophilicity indexes hint that the dyes are more reactive and can work as good electrophile species. A molecular packing of dye molecules and the ionic natural of Bi5O7NO3 generate a synergistic effect between π-π stacking, anion-π stacking, cation-π stacking and electrostatic interactions, which are thought to be the driven forces during dye removal.


Bi5O7NO3; π-π Stacking; Semiconductor; Electrostatic interactions; Electronic band structure; Electrostatic potential surface

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.13.3.337-350.2297

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How to cite

Abdullah, E. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(3), 337-350. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.3.337-350.2297
Abdullah, E. Electronic band structure of Bi5O7NO3 and its methyl orange removal mechanism. Eur. J. Chem. 2022, 13(3), 337-350. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.3.337-350.2297
Abdullah, E. (2022). Electronic band structure of Bi5O7NO3 and its methyl orange removal mechanism. European Journal of Chemistry, 13(3), 337-350. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.13.3.337-350.2297
Abdullah, Eshraq. "Electronic band structure of Bi5O7NO3 and its methyl orange removal mechanism." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 13.3 (2022): 337-350. Web. 31 Jan. 2023
Abdullah, Eshraq. "Electronic band structure of Bi5O7NO3 and its methyl orange removal mechanism" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 13 Number 3 (30 September 2022)

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