European Journal of Chemistry 2013, 4(2), 85-91. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.85-91.710

Preparation and characterization of protein isolate and biodiesel from garden cress seed


Rehab Farouk Mohammed Ali (1,*)

(1) Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, 12613, Giza, Egypt
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 24 Nov 2012, Accepted: 27 Jan 2013, Published: 30 Jun 2013

Abstract


Garden cress seeds were analyzed for proximate composition and mineral content. The protein isolate (PI) was evaluated for chemical composition, mineral content, amino acid composition, biological values and some functional properties. The seed oil was evaluated for fatty acid profile; tocopherols and some of physicochemical properties were studied. Seeds were found to contain 29.11% oil and 25.12% protein. Phosphorus, magnesium and calcium constituted the major minerals of the seeds. The protein efficiency ratio (PER) of PI was 2.37. PI was found to possess relatively high values of water and fat absorption capacity, emulsification capacity and foam capacity. The fatty acid profile showed that linolenic acid (41.17%) and oleic acid (26.42%) were the major unsaturated fatty acids, whereas palmitic acid was the major saturated acid. Total tocopherol content of garden cress oil was 150.46 mg/100 g oil. The physicochemical characteristics of oil and biodiesel meet the norm specifications.

4_2_85_91

Keywords


Seed; Biodiesel; Erucic acid; Amino acid; Garden cress; Triglycerides

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.85-91.710

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[1]. S.M. Rodge, H.P. Bobade
Convenience foods from foxtail millet and garden cress seed
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING  11(Special), 164, 2018
DOI: 10.15740/HAS/IJAE/11.Sp.Issue/164-168
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[2]. Mehrajfatema Mulla, Jasim Ahmed
Modulating functional and antioxidant properties of proteins from defatted garden cress (Lepidium sativum) seed meal by Alcalase hydrolysis
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization  , , 2019
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[3]. Mehrajfatema Mulla, Jasim Ahmed, Tahani Al-Sharrah
Effect of hot oven and microwave roasting on garden cress (Lepidium sativum ) seed flour quality and fatty acid composition, thermal and dielectric properties of extracted oil
International Journal of Food Science & Technology  53(12), 2770, 2018
DOI: 10.1111/ijfs.13889
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[4]. Tanu Jain, Kiran Grover
A Comprehensive Review on the Nutritional and Nutraceutical Aspects of Garden Cress (Lepidium sativum Linn.)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences  88(3), 829, 2018
DOI: 10.1007/s40011-016-0775-2
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[5]. Fataneh Behrouzian, Seyed M.A. Razavi, Glyn O. Phillips
Cress seed (Lepidium sativum) mucilage, an overview
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre  3(1), 17, 2014
DOI: 10.1016/j.bcdf.2014.01.001
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How to cite


Ali, R. Eur. J. Chem. 2013, 4(2), 85-91. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.85-91.710
Ali, R. Preparation and characterization of protein isolate and biodiesel from garden cress seed. Eur. J. Chem. 2013, 4(2), 85-91. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.85-91.710
Ali, R. (2013). Preparation and characterization of protein isolate and biodiesel from garden cress seed. European Journal of Chemistry, 4(2), 85-91. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.85-91.710
Ali, Rehab. "Preparation and characterization of protein isolate and biodiesel from garden cress seed." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 4.2 (2013): 85-91. Web. 17 Sep. 2019
Ali, Rehab. "Preparation and characterization of protein isolate and biodiesel from garden cress seed" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 4 Number 2 (30 June 2013)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.4.2.85-91.710

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