European Journal of Chemistry 2014, 5(2), 263-266. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.263-266.1006

Fatty acid, tocopherol, mineral composition, total phenolic, flavonoid and thymoquinone content, and antioxidant potential of Nigella stellaris


Sibel Silahtaroglu (1) , Serife Selma Uras Güngör (2) , Ahmet Ilçim (3) , Gamze Kökdil (4,*)

(1) Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mersin University, Yenisehir Campus, 33169 Mersin, Turkey
(2) Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mersin University, Yenisehir Campus, 33169 Mersin, Turkey
(3) Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Mustafa Kemal University, 31000, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
(4) Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mersin University, Yenisehir Campus, 33169 Mersin, Turkey
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 26 Dec 2013, Accepted: 05 Jan 2014, Published: 30 Jun 2014

Abstract


In the present study, the fatty acid composition of the fixed oil from seeds of Nigella stellaris has been investigated by GC-MS. Linoleic and oleic acids were the major fatty acids. The tocopherols determined by HPLC and α- and δ-tocopherols were detected in the oil. The seeds also were analyzed by ICP-MS to determine mineral content. Ca, P, and K were main elements among seventeen minerals in the seeds. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of the aqueous methanolic extracts of different plant parts were assessed by Folin-Ciocalteu method and the AlCl3 assay. The seed extract was also analyzed by RP-HPLC analysis for its thymoquinone content. The present study showed that the seed extract contained low amount of thymoquinone. The seed extract exhibited the significantly higher total phenolic and flavonoid content than the extract of aerial part. DPPH radical scavenging activity was used to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of the extracts. Both of the extracts showed high antioxidant activity.


Keywords


Minerals; Fatty acid; N. stellaris; Tocopherols; Antioxidant activity; Total phenol and flavonoids

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.263-266.1006

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How to cite


Silahtaroglu, S.; Güngör, S.; Ilçim, A.; Kökdil, G. Eur. J. Chem. 2014, 5(2), 263-266. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.263-266.1006
Silahtaroglu, S.; Güngör, S.; Ilçim, A.; Kökdil, G. Fatty acid, tocopherol, mineral composition, total phenolic, flavonoid and thymoquinone content, and antioxidant potential of Nigella stellaris. Eur. J. Chem. 2014, 5(2), 263-266. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.263-266.1006
Silahtaroglu, S., Güngör, S., Ilçim, A., & Kökdil, G. (2014). Fatty acid, tocopherol, mineral composition, total phenolic, flavonoid and thymoquinone content, and antioxidant potential of Nigella stellaris. European Journal of Chemistry, 5(2), 263-266. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.263-266.1006
Silahtaroglu, Sibel, Serife Selma Uras Güngör, Ahmet Ilçim, & Gamze Kökdil. "Fatty acid, tocopherol, mineral composition, total phenolic, flavonoid and thymoquinone content, and antioxidant potential of Nigella stellaris." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 5.2 (2014): 263-266. Web. 17 Sep. 2019
Silahtaroglu, Sibel, Güngör, Serife, Ilçim, Ahmet, AND Kökdil, Gamze. "Fatty acid, tocopherol, mineral composition, total phenolic, flavonoid and thymoquinone content, and antioxidant potential of Nigella stellaris" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 5 Number 2 (30 June 2014)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.5.2.263-266.1006

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