European Journal of Chemistry 2017, 8(2), 130-136 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.8.2.130-136.1555 | Get rights and content






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Preparation and calorimetry characterization of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons and their application in the removal of carbon dioxide


Diana Paola Vargas-Delgadillo (1) , Liliana Giraldo (2) , Juan Carlos Moreno-Pirajan (3,*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Tolima, Ibague, 73002, Colombia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, National University of Colombia, Bogotá, 111321, Colombia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of the Andes, Bogota, 111711, Colombia
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 17 Feb 2017 | Revised: 22 Mar 2017 | Accepted: 24 Mar 2017 | Published: 30 Jun 2017 | Issue Date: June 2017

Abstract


This paper reports the preparation and characterization of granular carbon materials those were prepared using chemical activation of African palm stone with ZnCl2 and then chemically modified in order to increase the nitrogen content. Functionalization processes with activated carbons, modify their textural and chemical characteristics, this fact was observed using N2 adsorption at 77 K, Boehm titration, infrared Spectroscopy using immersion calorimeter in liquids with different chemical nature (H2O, C6H6, NaOH and HCl). The results show that the solids obtained have BET surface area and pore volume up to 1200 m2/g and 0.44 cm3/g, respectively. Immersion enthalpies of samples are between -9.87 and 141.9 J/g. The results show that with the process of functionalization employed in this work, increasing in the nitrogen content and the modification of the adsorbents surface is achieved. Finally, we found that with this activation and modification procedure, the activated carbons produced have a CO2 adsorption capacity until 174 mg CO2 /g.


Keywords


Surface chemistry; Chemical activation; Immersion calorimetric; Functionalization process; Carbon dioxide adsorption; Nitrogen-enriched carbons

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.8.2.130-136.1555

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Funding information


The multinational EraNet-LAC project (ELAC2014 /BEE-0367, BioFESS, Universitat Hohenheim, Germany, project leader) and COLCIENCIAS contract No. 217-2016 (Colombia).

Citations

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[1]. Rafael Alberto Fonseca-Correa, Marlon Jose Bastidas-Barranco, Liliana Giraldo, Juan Carlos Moreno-Piraján
Carbon Aerogels: a study with different models of the effect resorcinol/catalyst at different ratios after pyrolysis and the effect on textural properties
European Journal of Chemistry  8(3), 279, 2017
DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.8.3.279-287.1593
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[2]. Diana Hernández-Monje, Liliana Giraldo, Juan Moreno-Piraján
Immersion Enthalpy of Activated Carbon–Cyclohexane and Activated Carbon–Hexane. Difference in the Solid–Liquid Interaction Enthalpy Due to the Structure of the Solvent
Processes  7(4), 180, 2019
DOI: 10.3390/pr7040180
/


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How to cite


Vargas-Delgadillo, D.; Giraldo, L.; Moreno-Pirajan, J. Eur. J. Chem. 2017, 8(2), 130-136. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.8.2.130-136.1555
Vargas-Delgadillo, D.; Giraldo, L.; Moreno-Pirajan, J. Preparation and calorimetry characterization of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons and their application in the removal of carbon dioxide. Eur. J. Chem. 2017, 8(2), 130-136. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.8.2.130-136.1555
Vargas-Delgadillo, D., Giraldo, L., & Moreno-Pirajan, J. (2017). Preparation and calorimetry characterization of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons and their application in the removal of carbon dioxide. European Journal of Chemistry, 8(2), 130-136. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.8.2.130-136.1555
Vargas-Delgadillo, Diana, Liliana Giraldo, & Juan Carlos Moreno-Pirajan. "Preparation and calorimetry characterization of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons and their application in the removal of carbon dioxide." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 8.2 (2017): 130-136. Web. 23 Jan. 2020
Vargas-Delgadillo, Diana, Giraldo, Liliana, AND Moreno-Pirajan, Juan. "Preparation and calorimetry characterization of nitrogen-enriched activated carbons and their application in the removal of carbon dioxide" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 8 Number 2 (30 June 2017)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.8.2.130-136.1555

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