European Journal of Chemistry 2020, 11(4), 370-376 | doi: https://doi.org/10.5155/eurjchem.11.4.370-376.2048 | Get rights and content

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The essential oil compositions of Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaves growing in Mersin, Turkey


Gun Binzet (1,*) orcid , Riza Binzet (2) orcid , Hakan Arslan (3) orcid

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Education, Mersin University, 33343, Mersin, Turkey
(2) Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Science, Mersin University, 33343, Mersin, Turkey
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Arts and Science, Mersin University, 33343, Mersin, Turkey
(*) Corresponding Author

Received: 21 Oct 2020 | Revised: 07 Nov 2020 | Accepted: 22 Nov 2020 | Published: 31 Dec 2020 | Issue Date: December 2020

Abstract


This study reports on the chemical compositions of the essential oil of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Rosemary) grown in Mersin, Turkey. The essential oil of rosemary was obtained by hydrodistillation method, and the yield of rosemary oil was found to be about 1.2 % (v:w). The hydrodistilled volatile oil was analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry techniques. Forty-five components were identified in the essential oil of R. officinalis, which represented 100% of the total essential oils. The oxygenated monoterpenes content possessed the highest value, 64.78% of the oil, among which eucalyptol (33.15%) and camphor (10.31%) were the most abundant components. In addition, the oil contained mainly monoterpene hydrocarbons, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, oxygenated sesquiterpenes, and diterpenes. The least amount of diterpenes were found in the content of the oil. Isopimara-9 (11),15-diene (0.14%) and α-springene (0.06%) were two compounds determined as diterpene compounds.


Keywords


GC-MS; Mersin; 1,8-Cineole; Essential oil; Hydro-distilation; Rosmarinus officinalis

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DOI: 10.5155/eurjchem.11.4.370-376.2048

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How to cite


Binzet, G.; Binzet, R.; Arslan, H. Eur. J. Chem. 2020, 11(4), 370-376. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.11.4.370-376.2048
Binzet, G.; Binzet, R.; Arslan, H. The essential oil compositions of Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaves growing in Mersin, Turkey. Eur. J. Chem. 2020, 11(4), 370-376. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.11.4.370-376.2048
Binzet, G., Binzet, R., & Arslan, H. (2020). The essential oil compositions of Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaves growing in Mersin, Turkey. European Journal of Chemistry, 11(4), 370-376. doi:10.5155/eurjchem.11.4.370-376.2048
Binzet, Gun, Riza Binzet, & Hakan Arslan. "The essential oil compositions of Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaves growing in Mersin, Turkey." European Journal of Chemistry [Online], 11.4 (2020): 370-376. Web. 12 Apr. 2021
Binzet, Gun, Binzet, Riza, AND Arslan, Hakan. "The essential oil compositions of Rosmarinus officinalis L. leaves growing in Mersin, Turkey" European Journal of Chemistry [Online], Volume 11 Number 4 (31 December 2020)

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